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Along with the vice President, the President"s room members space his most essential advisors. This photo shows president Reagan, Vice president Bush, and also Cabinet members in the Oval Office.

You are watching: All parts of the federal bureaucracy share which characteristic?


Even the experts can"t agree on the total number of federal federal government agencies, commissions, and departments.

Most approximates suggest there are probably an ext than 2,000 the these. Lock each have an area of field of expertise — part much more comprehensive than rather — yet their duties regularly overlap, making administration much more difficult. To complicate things even more, countless agencies have counterparts in ~ the state and local level. The size, complexity, and overlapping responsibilities leave the federal bureaucracy open to consistent attempts to reorganize and also streamline.

Congress has actually the strength to create, organize, and also disband all commonwealth agencies. Many of them are under the manage of the President, although few of them actually have direct contact with the White House. So, the administration has two masters — Congress and the President. The administration generally falls into four wide types: room departments, federal government corporations, live independence agencies, and regulatory commissions


Cabinet departments
department of State Treasury room Department the Defense room of Justice department of the inner Department of farming Department of commerce Department of job Department of transport Department that Housing and Urban breakthrough Department the Health and also Human solutions Department of energy Department of education and learning Department of Veterans AffairsDepartment of landscape Security

The cabinet Departments

The 15 room departments space each top by a Secretary that sits top top the President"s Cabinet. The exemption is the righteousness Department, i m sorry is top by the lawyer General, who is additionally a member the the President"s Cabinet. The Secretaries space responsible because that directing the department"s policy and also for overseeing that is operation. Room secretaries room usually torn in between their duties as presidential advisers and heads of your departments.


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As the first woman room member, Frances Perkins offered for 12 years, helping draft regulation such together the Social protection Act and also the an initial federal minimum wage laws.

Each has actually a unique area the policy, although their responsibilities are still really broad. The organization of every is rather complex, yet they have some points in common. All Secretaries have actually a Deputy or Undersecretary, as well as a organize of Assistant Secretaries, who all direct major programs within the department.

Most department are separated into bureaus, divisions, and also sections. Because that example, the FBI lies within the domain the the justice Department, and the secret Service is currently within the Treasury Departmeny agency, but soon to be relocated under the auspices that the department of Homeland defense .

Government Corporations

Government corporations perform not belong to any type of department — they was standing on their own. More than likely the best-known federal government corporations space the United states Postal Service and Amtrak. They are various from various other agencies in the they space businesses created by Congress, and also they fee fees for their services. Like any kind of other business, federal government corporations have private vain — such as federal Express and also United Parcel organization — and also sometimes state vain — such as the new Jersey Transit Authority.


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At the time of its creation, NASA was assumed by numerous to be a defense-related agency. Today, that brings countries together in highly publicized efforts like the International an are Station displayed here.

Independent Agencies

Independent agencies closely resemble room departments, but they room smaller and also less complex. Generally, they have actually narrower locations of responsibility than carry out Cabinet departments. Many of this agencies room not complimentary from presidential control and also are independent just in the feeling that they space not part of a department.

Congress create them as different agencies for countless reasons, practical and symbolic. For example, when the nationwide Aeronautics and an are Administration (NASA) to be established, many members of congress assumed that it would certainly be a component of the room of Defense. However, that is an independent company because the an are program has numerous other functions than the defense of the nation.


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The ATF (now the office of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and also Explosives) was transferred from the department of the Treasury come the room of justice in 2006.

Regulatory Agencies

These agencies regulate necessary parts of the economy, making rules for large industries and businesses that influence the understanding of the public. Because regulatory commissions are "watchdogs" the by their very nature should operate independently, they are not component of a department, and also the chairman does no directly manage most of them. Each commission has from 5 come 11 members appointed through the President, however the chairman cannot eliminate them for the length of your terms in office.

Examples of these commissions space the Securities and Exchange Commission, i beg your pardon regulates the stock market, brokers, and investment practices. Another well-known board of directors is the commonwealth Reserve Board that governs the nation"s monetary policy. The ecological Protection company serves as a guardian end the nation"s environment, making and also enforcing requirements for the industrial and also commercial sectors.

With over 2,000 various agencies, the federal bureaucracy is almost certain to operation into troubles with organization, overlapping responsibilities, and efficiency. Practically every recent President has actually come into office figured out to refashion and trim the bureaucracy. However, none has been able to make more than young adjustments. Well-established agencies have actually lives of your own, and also are an overwhelming to change. Besides, the country has large, complex, demands requiring unique attention. A large bureaucracy is a component of the government"s attempt to fulfill those needs.


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NASA Homepage
The national Aeronautics and an are Administration, according to that website, is an investment in America"s future. Explore this significant website, native its pages on space flight to ladies in NASA. Click on "other cool sites" for an ext neat stuff 보다 you can visit in one day. Don"t miss out on the flash movie that NASA"s vision or the webcasts, which have the right to be viewed on home windows Media Player.

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The commonwealth Deposit insurance allowance Corporation (FDIC)
What happens if your financial institution goes bankrupt? You acquire your money ago — if your financial institution is insured by the commonwealth Deposit insurance Corporation. Since 1933, the FDIC has been maintaining America"s confidence in that is financial institutions alive. Take a look in ~ the organization and browse its official website here.

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U.S. Atom Regulatory Commission
Homer Simpson provides the meltdown of a nuclear reactor in a power plant it seems to be ~ funny, but in reality it can cause worldwide devastation. The atom Regulatory the supervisory board is responsible because that making sure that strength plants are safe from the time they are developed to the time that they space shut down. Take it a look in ~ what they execute at their main website.

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The Securities and Exchange Commission
The stock sector crash the 1929 crippled the U.S. Economy and devastated the stays of millions of Americans. What go the federal government do come make certain that something prefer that never happens again? They established the Securities and also Exchange Commission, which monitor investment methods of American businesses. If you have an interest in the stock market, it"s worth her time to wade v this official website.

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Federal trade Commission
You"ve seen the board video game Monopoly, however did you know that real monopolies space usually illegal? The Federal trade Commission provides sure that suppliers follow the law, usage fair company practices, and also don"t cheat the consumer. They also protect consumer by investigate complaints and educating us around what come look the end for. The FTC"s main website provides for an interesting read because that anyone who might do organization in the U.S.
Consumer Protection
Are you acquiring your money"s worth? inspect here prior to you make a acquisition to find out just how you might be hoodwinked if friend aren"t careful.
DefenseLink — The U.S. Department of Defense
With the Army, air Force, marine Corps, and also the navy under that auspices, the department of Defense is the component of the government assigned to keeping national security. Its main website has actually pages on such risks to the U.S. As weapons of mass destruction and anthrax, as well as online memorials to fallen soldiers, Olympic coverage, and much more.
Joint Chiefs the Staff
The head honchos that each army branch consist of the share Chiefs that Staff, who advise the president on military matters. Find out about the composition and also philosophy that the organization here.
The United claims Department that Justice
Attorney general Janet Reno and her office are responsible for finding and also prosecuting federal criminals. The official Department of justice website is full of interesting information, including the FBI"s many wanted list and pages on hot topics from school violence to the fatality penalty.

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U.S. State Department
Even though only 1% of the national budget plan goes to international affairs, the State room does several of the many publicized government-related work-related in the country. The same company that represents the U.S. In the United nations is responsible because that negotiating profession agreements and likewise issuing passports and also visas. Take a look at at some of the State Department"s recent tasks at their official website.

See more: P0340 2003 Kia Sedona Camshaft Position Sensor Location, Where Is The Camshaft Postion Sensor Located

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United states Treasury Department
Show me the money! The U.S. Treasury room monitors the government"s bank accounts, prints money, and also investigates tax evasion, among many various other duties. Uncover out the answers to all her questions about one of the oldest offices in the U.S. Government at their official website.

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