You are watching: Compare and contrast direct democracy and representative democracy
The term, democracy, originates from the Greek: dēmokratía, which stands for the preeminence of the people. Follow to Dictionary.com, democracy is a form of government by the people; a type of federal government in i m sorry the supreme power is forgive in the people and also exercised straight by lock or through their chosen agents under a totally free electoral system. It can be a state having such a kind of government: The joined States and also Canada space democracies. That is a state of society characterized by officially equality that rights and privileges. It has actually political or social equality; a autonomous spirit.
Democracy supports and also promotes the idea of freedom of political expression, flexibility of speech and freedom that press, among equal appropriate for the citizens. Everyone is equal in the eyes of the law and also government. It enables eligible citizens to have an same say in the decisions, consisting of proposal, development, and also creation of laws, that influence their lives. Citizens can either do this straight or through elected representatives.
There space various types of democracies:Direct democracy – in which citizens have straight and energetic participation in the decision do of the government.Representative democracy – citizens remain the sovereign power but political strength is worked out indirectly through chosen representatives.Parliamentary democracy – a representative democracy where federal government is appointed through representatives.Presidential Democracy – the public elects the president through cost-free and fair elections. The chairman serves as both the head of state and also head of government controlling most that the executive powers. The president serves for a details term and cannot exceed the amount the time.Constitutional democracy – a representative democracy in i beg your pardon the ability of the chosen representatives to practice decision-making strength is subject to the dominance of law, and also usually moderated by a constitution.Hybrid democracies or semi-direct democracies – which combine facets of representative democracy and direct democracy.
In a straight democracy, the basic public identify the laws and also policies through which the civilization will it is in governed. Each citizen has one vote they can cast either in favor or against the law. Every citizen plays a direct and active function in a direct democracy, for this reason the name. Straight democracy is also sometimes referred to as "pure democracy," together it is the purest form of democracy, in which world have the appropriate to decide their laws and also government.
There space various advantages of a straight democracy, including:All topics and also issues space open.The civilization have the power.The world are responsible, no the political parties.The neighborhood is associated in the decision making.Politicians space answerable come the public.The public has regulate over Parliament and also the direction that the country.
However, there room also details disadvantages the a straight democracy, including:Not constantly the optimal an option for part people.Some civilization do not want to be involved.Many execute not attend the meetings and also assemblies, might not also vote.May become rigged in today’s society.The media and also government might attempt to influence the decisions made through the people.Increase in referenda.Some civilization may be an ext politically active than others.The expense of holding an election for everything.People could have large crowds attract out simply so that a vote may go in their favor.
Under a representative democracy, human being elect to represent who are tasked with producing laws and also policies. The elected representatives vote on the concern in lieu the the public. The elected representatives are an alleged to reflect the will of the majority of the people. They space not claimed to act the end on their exclusive agendas. However, the does sometimes happen. The representatives current a check out to the general public in order to get elected, but then they often tend to support another view after your election, occasionally the totally opposite view.
Democracies are claimed to be a kind of government which contrasts to develops of government where power is either organized by one, i.e. A monarchy, or where power is organized by a small number of individuals, i.e. Oligarchy or aristocracy. However, at times the chosen representatives start to abuse their power and take end the government, which then starts come resemble the oligarchy or aristocracy.
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There room a variety of countries that exercise representative democracy. There are also a number of societies that exercise with a mix of both types of democracy. Because that example, the United claims of America, France, Switzerland and the Republic the Ireland. Top top a national level, these countries are representative democracy. However, on part state and local level they often tend to practice limited direct democracy. The practices of restricted direct democracy may incorporate ballot initiatives, referendums, and recall of elected officials. Some issues, together as transforms to the constitution or part local laws may be put a vote of the public. Or the public may vote come retract a previously passed legislation or policy.