What is metronidazole?

Metronidazole (brand surname Flagyl®) is one antibacterial and also antiprotozoal agent supplied in the therapy of certain anaerobic bacterial and also protozoal infections, such together those led to by Giardia and Trichomonas. That is regularly used come treat diarrhea and also other intestinal problems.

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The usage of metronidazole come treat Giardia infections and most various other infections in dogs and cats is off label or extra-label. Countless drugs are generally prescribed for off label usage in vet medicine. In these instances, follow her veterinarian’s directions and also cautions very carefully.

How is metronidazole given?

Metronidazole is obtainable as a capsule, tablet, and also liquid suspension. That may also be compounded (made) into a formulation (called metronidazole benzoate) that tastes less bitter and also is much easier to carry out to cats. One injectable form is also easily accessible that her veterinarian will administer at her veterinary hospital.

Metronidazole have to be given by mouth v food. Liquid forms must be shaken well before use. Metronidazole is really bitter, for this reason take care not come crush these tablet computers as it will certainly be an overwhelming to carry out to her pet.

Follow the dosing instructions provided by her veterinarian.

If friend have an obstacle administering the medication, call your veterinary clinic because that advice.

This medication need to take result within 1 come 2 hours, and also while impacts may no be visibly i found it immediately, but gradual enhancements are normally noticable ~ a couple of days.

What if i miss providing my pet the medication?

If you miss a dose, offer it as soon as you remember, yet if the is close to the time for the following dose, skip the dose you missed and give the medicine at the next scheduled time and continue through the consistent dosing schedule. Never provide your pet two doses at once or provide extra doses.

It is very important to provide the medication for the size of time her veterinarian has actually recommended.

Are there any type of potential side effects?

Side results to metronidazole may incorporate nausea, vomiting, regurgitation, and drooling.

Metronidazole can reason neurological effects including lack of muscle control or coordination, tremors, seizures, vomiting, eye twitching, and weakness. These results usually happen if metronidazole is offered at high sheep or for prolonged periods that time, yet they can happen with lower doses together well. Contact your veterinarian immediately if you notification any the these indications with your pet.

Very rarely, metronidazole may reason a skin disorder called cutaneous vasculitis in which blood vessels end up being inflamed in the skin. Signs of this skin disorder incorporate scaling, hair loss, bruising, swelling, and also bumps top top the skin. Contact your vet if you notice any of this signs.

This short-acting medication have to stop working within 24 hours, although impacts can be longer in pets v liver or kidney disease.

Are there any kind of risk factors for this medication?

Do not use metronidazole in pet that:

have actually a known hypersensitivity or allergy come it or drugs concerned it room nursing space in a weakened problem

Metronidazole must be provided with caution in pet that:

space pregnant have actually liver disorders space puppies or kittens room on blood thinners

Are there any drug interactions I have to be mindful of?

Certain medicine may interact with metronidazole including specific chemotherapy drugs, and gastroprotectants (cimetidine), cyclosporine, phenobarbital, phenytoin, and also warafarin. Her veterinarian will weigh the potential risks of metronidazole if her pet is acquisition these medications. That is vital to tell your veterinarian around any medicines (including vitamins, supplements, or herbal therapies) that your pets is taking.

Pregnant women should not manage this medicine or must wear disposable gloves when dealing with it or giving doses. That is important to avoid inhaling any dust from separation or crushed pills. Any type of exposure to flour or liquids must be instantly rinsed from skin or eyes.

Is there any monitoring that needs to it is in done v this medication?

Monitor to ensure that the medicine is working and monitor for adverse effects.

How do I keep metronidazole?

Metronidazole tablets and also capsules need to be save in a strict sealed container, safeguarded from light, and at temperatures listed below 30°C (86°F). Fluid formulations must be save in the refrigerator. If her veterinarian has made a unique formulation, monitor the warehouse instructions provided with the product.

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What have to I do in situation of emergency?

If you suspect an overdose or an disadvantage reaction to the medication, call your veterinarian office immediately. If they room not available, follow your directions in contacting an emergency facility.