Fluorine

facet 9 of periodic table is Fluorine v atomic number 9, atomic weight 18.9984032. Fluorine, symbol F, has actually a Base centered Monoclinic structure and Colorless color. Fluorine is a halogens element. Trivial name of Fluorine is halogens*. Understand everything about Fluorine Facts, physics Properties, chemistry Properties, electronic configuration, Atomic and also Crystal Structure.


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Fluorine is a chemical aspect with price F and atomic number 9. The is the lightest halogen and exists together a very toxic pale yellow diatomic gas at conventional conditions. Together the many electronegative element, the is extremely reactive:almost all various other elements, including some noble gases, form compounds v fluorine.

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Fluorine Facts

Read an essential information and facts around element Fluorine

name Fluorine
atom Number 9
atomic Symbol F
Atomic weight 18.9984032
step Gas
shade Colorless
Classification halogens
group in periodic Table 17
Group Name fluorine household
duration in periodic Table 2
Block in periodic Table p-block
Electronic Configuration 2s2 2p5
Melting allude -219.6 °C
Boiling allude -188.12 °C
Electronic shell Structure <2, 7>
CAS Number CAS7782-41-4

community
2
He
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
Lanthanides
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
Actinide
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr

check out our interactive routine table


How to find Fluorine on periodic Table

Periodic table is arranged by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus i beg your pardon is exact same as number of electrons. The atom number increases from left come right. Periodic table beginning at peak left ( atom number 1) and ends at bottom ideal (atomic number 118). Therefore you can straight look for atomic number 9 to find Fluorine on regular table.

Another method to read routine table and also locate an element is through using group number (column) and duration number (row). To find Fluorine on routine table look for cross section of team 17 and period 2 in the modern periodic table.

discover Interactive periodic Table to Understand and Learn Cool trends

Table that Contents


History
Abundance
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbit Properties
Chemical Properties
Isotopes
Health and also Safety Parameters and Guidelines
Databases
Compare Fluorine with various other elements

Fluorine History

The aspect Fluorine was discovered by André-Marie Ampère in year 1886 in France . Fluorine acquired its name from the Latin fluere, an interpretation "to flow"

Fluorine Presence: abundance in Nature and also Around Us

The table listed below shows the diversity of Fluorine in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and Human Body.

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
diversity in universe 4e-07
diversity in sunlight 5e-07
diversity in Meteorites 8.7e-05
Abundance in Earth"s late 0.00054
diversity in oceans 1.3e-06
diversity in humans 3.7e-05

Crystal structure of Fluorine

The solid state structure of Fluorine is Base focused Monoclinic.

The decision structure deserve to be explained in terms of its unit Cell. The unit cell repeats chin in 3 dimensional room to form the structure.

Unit cabinet Parameters

The unit cabinet is stood for in regards to its lattice parameters, which room the lengths that the cell edges Lattice Constants (a, b and c)

a b c
550 328 728 pm

and the angles in between them Lattice angles (alpha, beta and gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 π/2 π/2

The positions of the atoms within the unit cell are explained by the set of atom positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured indigenous a recommendation lattice point.

The symmetry properties of the crystal are defined by the principle of room groups. All feasible symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional space are explained by the 230 space groups (219 unique types, or 230 if chiral copies are taken into consideration distinct.

space Group surname C12/c1
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room Group Number 15
Crystal structure Base focused Monoclinic

Fluorine Atomic and Orbital Properties

Fluorine atoms have 9 electrons and the electronic shell structure is <2, 7> with Atomic ax Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2P3/2.


atomic Number 9
Number of electron (with no charge) 9
Number of Protons 9
Mass Number 19
Number the Neutrons 10
Shell framework (Electrons per power level) <2, 7>
Electron configuration 2s2 2p5
Valence Electrons 2s2 2p5
Oxidation State -1
Atomic ax Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2P3/2

Shell structure of Fluorine - electron per energy level


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Ground State digital Configuration of Fluorine - neutral Fluorine atom

The ground state electronic configuration the Neutral Fluorine atom is 2s2 2p5. The part of Fluorine configuration that is identical to the noble gas the the coming before period, is abbreviated as . Because that atoms with many electrons, this notation have the right to become prolonged and therefore an abbreviated notation is used.This is vital as the is the Valence electron 2s2 2p5, electron in the outermost covering that recognize the chemistry properties that the element.

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Unabbreviated digital configuration that neutral Fluorine

Complete floor state electronic configuration for the Fluorine atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration

1s2 2s2 2p5

Atomic framework of Fluorine

Fluorine atomic radius is 42 pm, if it"s covalent radius is 71 pm.

atom Radius

42 afternoon (0.42 Å)

Atomic Volume 11.2018886792 cm3
Covalent Radius 71 afternoon (0.71 Å)
van der Waals Radius 147 pm
spirit Cross section 0.0096 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum that Fluorine

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Fluorine chemical Properties: Fluorine Ionization Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity the Fluorine is 328 kJ/mol

Valence 1
Electronegativity 3.98
ElectronAffinity 328 kJ/mol

Ionization energy of Fluorine

Refer come table below for Ionization energies the Fluorine

Ionization power number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 1681
2 3374.2
3 6050.4
4 8407.7
5 11022.7
6 15164.1
7 17868
8 92038.1
9 106434.3

Fluorine physics Properties

Refer to below table for Fluorine physics Properties

thickness 1.696 g/l
Molar Volume 11.2018886792 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus N/A
Shear Modulus N/A
bulk Modulus N/A
Poisson ratio N/A

Hardness that Fluorine - test to measure of Hardness the Element

Mohs Hardness N/A
Vickers Hardness N/A
Brinell Hardness N/A

Fluorine electric Properties

Fluorine is N/A of electricity. Refer to table listed below for the electric properties the Fluorine

electrical Conductivity N/A
Resistivity N/A
Superconducting allude N/A

Fluorine Heat and also Conduction Properties

thermal Conductivity 0.0277 W/(m K)
Thermal expansion N/A

Fluorine Magnetic Properties

Magnetic type N/A
Curie allude N/A
massive Magnetic Susceptibility N/A
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility N/A
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility N/A

Optical properties of Fluorine

Refractive index 1.000195

Acoustic properties of Fluorine

speed of Sound N/A

Fluorine thermal Properties - Enthalpies and also thermodynamics

Refer to table below for thermal properties that Fluorine

Melting allude 53.5 K (-219.6 °C)
Boiling point 85.03 K (-188.12 °C)
an important Temperature 144.13 K
Superconducting point N/A

Enthalpies that Fluorine

heat of blend 0.26 kJ/mol
warm of Vaporization 3.27 kJ/mol
warm of combustion N/A

Fluorine isotopes - nuclear Properties the Fluorine

Isotopes that rhodium. Naturally arising Fluorine has actually 1 secure isotope - 19F.


Isotope Isotope massive % abundance T fifty percent Decay mode
14F
15F
16F
17F
18F
19F 100% stable N/A
20F
21F
22F
23F
24F
25F
26F
27F
28F
29F
30F
31F

Regulatory and Health - Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7782-41-4
RTECS Number RTECSLM6475000
period Hazard class 2.3
dot Numbers 9192
EU Number EU231-954-8
NFPA Fire Rating 0
NFPA dangers Oxidizing Agent, Water Reactive
NFPA health Rating 4
NFPA Reactivity Rating 4
Autoignition point N/A
Flashpoint N/A

Database Search

perform of distinct identifiers to find the aspect in miscellaneous chemical it is registered databases

Database identifier number
CAS Number - chemistry Abstracts company (CAS) CAS7782-41-4
CID Number CID24524
Gmelin Number Gmelin16281
NSC Number N/A
RTECS Number RTECSLM6475000

Compare Fluorine with all Group 17 elements

Fluorine vs Chlorine Fluorine vs Bromine Fluorine vs Iodine Fluorine vs Astatine Fluorine vs Tennessine

Compare Fluorine through all halogens elements

Fluorine vs Chlorine Fluorine vs Bromine Fluorine vs Iodine Fluorine vs Astatine Fluorine vs Tennessine