The nationwide Fire defense Association (NFPA) standard 1906, standard for Automotive Fire Apparatus, and also theNWCG standards for Wildland Fire source Typingclassifies vehicles by form and function. The requirements mandate that every fire van ‘type’ is draft with certain components and also features and also must carry certain gear.

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Why is this important, you might wonder?

It guarantee that local terminology walk not weaken prompt rescue support and resources. What may be called a “brush truck” in one community is a “wildland truck” in another. The creation of universal fire van standards and also terminology means that a fire department have the right to request assistance for a details engine type, knowing that it carries the required equipment for the emergency. As a result, fire department can as necessary manage mutual help and know exactly what kind of assistance they are getting for every emergency call.

Learn more about every type of fire truck below and find out the distinguishing attributes that make each truck unique.

Type 1 Fire Engine

A type 1 fire truck, frequently referred to as an engine company, engine pumper or structure firefighting truck, is the many common kind of fire van in usage today.

Type 1 fire trucks room purposefully draft to support urban, rural and suburban departments because they carry all of the compelled NFPAfirefighting equipment. These versatile vehicles are frequently the an initial on scene because they assistance both structural firefighting and also initial Emergency Medical organization (EMS) response.

Every form 1 truck is forced to have actually a pump with a minimum tank size of 300 gallons, although most type 1 trucks feature a 400- come 500-gallon water tank. Additionally, the truck must offer a minimum that 1000 Gallons every Minute (GPM) the water transfer.

Following the standards ofNFPA, type 1 trucks room equipped in ~ a minimum with a 2 ½ inch and also 1 ½ inch thick hoses of varying lengths.

In addition, these trucks must incorporate a full complement of soil ladders, nozzles, forcible entry equipment, rear access and egress, some level of an initial aid equipment and also other distinctive items depending upon the regional jurisdiction. Some examples include self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA), chainsaws, complete EMS gear, hazmat equipment, advanced life support (ALS) devices and extr structural or ballistic gear as needed. Typically, kind 1 fire trucks are designed to lug 3 to 4 firefighters.

A fire van manufacturer can work v your fire room to design and also configure a form 1 engine to meet your community"s distinct needs.

Take a look in ~ some current deliveries of type 1 fire trucks.

Type 2 Fire Engine

A kind 2 fire truck features countless of the same specifications and tools of the kind 1 fire truck. Kind 2 trucks are not as common in fire departments, however they space versatile van that room often found in urban and suburban applications performing vehicle accident and rescue solution as a first response unit or hefty rescue engine.

Type 2 trucks may be best for a fire department looking for a much more compact rescue engine, wet rescue or heavy-duty rescue featuring a smaller sized water tank and also pump, but with storage capabilities that deserve to still organize a most equipment. A kind 2 truck is an ideal fire van to arrive on scene first to start fire extinguishing jobs until more support arrives.

Much favor a kind 1 engine, a kind 2 engine generally carries 3 or 4 firefighters. It includes a many of an easy firefighting gear and tools, favor SCBAs, one saws, and also many different species of dedicated equipment.

Take a look in ~ various type 2 van configurations now.

Type 3 Fire Engine


A type 3 fire van is often referred to together a wildland fire truck. Commonly used in rural and wildland settings, a type 3 truck includes several distinct design and also configuration details to complement the terrain the services.

Wildland fire trucks generally sit on a advertisement 4x4 chassis and can be provided as wildland urban user interface vehicles. They space designed to be sleek and maneuverable with the capability to regulate off-road and also variable terrain. Form 3 van are regularly responding come wildfires and also must be able to get together close come the fire as possible while preserving both stability and also vehicle control. The Gross car Weight Rating (GVWR) is often an ext than 26,000 lbs. And the car must be fitted to bring at the very least 3 passengers.

NFPA standards require a form 3 engine to have a minimum the a 500-gallon water tank and also a pump capable of a minimum that 150 us gallons every minute in ~ a pressure of 250 pounds per square inch.

Type 3 trucks have the right to be equipped through a power-take-off (PTO) pump. A PTO pump is draft so that a vehicle can continue to be in activity while fighting fire simultaneously.

Many type 3 trucks likewise feature an auxiliary pump in enhancement to the main water pump configured top top a truck. The assistant pump deserve to be it is provided by a separate diesel engine the is connected to the pump, or a hydraulic auxiliary pump have the right to be powered by second PTO hydraulic circuit v its very own pressure governor. This pump-and-roll technique method that a truck operator deserve to drive the van while crew members man the pump and also hoses walking alongside the relocating vehicle. This is critically essential to enable firefighters come follow along as woodland fires and brush fires move with the weather, and also to produce fire lines, wetting down locations ahead that an proceeding wildfire.

Here’s a closer watch at few of the features of a kind 3 van or view few of our recent deliveries.

Type 4 Fire Engine

A type 4 fire truck is very similar to a kind 3 yet with a bigger water tank and also reduced hose volume requirements.

According to NFPA standards, type 4 fire van must bring 2 people and feature a 750-gallon water tank that offers 50 united state gallons every minute that water deliver at a push of 100 pounds per square inch. The bigger water tank method that a form 4 truck frequently has lower rated pump potential and includes much less hose than a kind 3 fire truck.

Type 4 trucks are often used in wildland firefighting, yet with a 4-wheel journey chassis and a huge water tank these vehicles can be used for emergency response.

Type 5, kind 6 and kind 7 Fire Engine

Type 5, kind 6 and kind 7 fire van are regularly grouped together since they feature many of the same architecture qualities. These vehicles are frequently pick-up truck-based with 4-wheel drive on a medium duty-chassis. The main distinction between type 5, form 6 and type 7 fire trucks is the difference in your maximum GVWR.

Type 5 fire engines have actually a maximum GVWR the 26000 lbs.Type 6 fire engines have actually a maximum GVWR the 19,500 lbs.Type 7 fire engines have a preferably GVWR that 14,000 lbs.

Type 5, 6 and 7 fire van are offered in various ways depending on a fire department’s needs. Because that example, part trucks are provided as a fire response unit and also include a small EMS solution kit, while various other vehicles space equipped with a water tank and water pump and also can administer water suppression resources prior to larger rigs come on the scene. This configuration is common in wildland environments, where they are regularly referred to as mini pumpers or brush trucks. Once equipped v water suppression capabilities kind 5, 6 and 7 van typically carry a 300-gallon water tank and also a little booster pump v a minimum volume of 50 gallons every minute.

Here is summary of the NFPA truck standards:

Engine keying Standard
Types 1 and also 2 are structure; types 3-7 room wildland
RequirementsType 1Type 2Type 3Type 4Type 5Type 6Type 7
Tank Minimum volume (gal)30030050075040015050
Pump Minimum flow (gal/min)1,00050015050505010
At Rated pressure (psi)150150250100100100100
Hose: 2 1/2-inch1,2001,000N/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
Hose: 1 1/2-inch5005001,000300300300N/A
Hose: 1-inchN/AN/A500300300300200
Ladders per NFPA 1901YesYesN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
Master present 500 gal/min.YesN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
Pump and RollN/AN/AYesYesYesYesYes
Maximum GVWR (lb)N/AN/AN/AN/A26,00019,50014,000
Personnel (minimum)4332222

N/A = no ApplicableNFPA = national Fire defense AssociationGVWR = Gross auto Weight RatingNotes:1. All varieties shall fulfill federal, state and company requirements because that motor auto safety standards, consisting of all gross automobile weight ratings when completely loaded.2. Type 3 engines and also tactical water tenders shall it is in equipped v a foam proportioner system.3. Every water tenders and also engine varieties 3 through 6 shall be able to prime and also pump water from a 10 foot lift.

The breakthrough of fire truck types and requirements has actually been an invaluable addition to NFPA standards, providing fire departments with a global language to aid improve mutual aid and firefighting support.

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Regardless that the form of van required, Pierce manufacturing can assist support the concept, design and configuration the a custom apparatus to satisfy your fire department’s distinct needs.

Do you have actually questions around the varieties of trucks and how they space designed and manufactured? allow us understand in the comments!