Antimony

facet 51 of routine table is Antimony through atomic number 51, atomic weight 121.76. Antimony, symbol Sb, has a simple Trigonal structure and Silver color. Antimony is a metalloid element. Trivial surname of Antimony is pentels, pnictogens*. Recognize everything about Antimony Facts, physical Properties, chemistry Properties, electronic configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.


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Antimony is a chemical facet with prize Sb (from Latin:stibium) and atomic number 51. A lustrous gray metalloid, it is uncovered in nature greatly as the sulfide mineral stibnite (Sb2S3). Antimony compounds have actually been known since ancient times and were provided for cosmetics; metallic antimony was likewise known, yet it to be erroneously established as lead upon that discovery.

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Antimony Facts

Read key information and facts about element Antimony

surname Antimony
atomic Number 51
atomic Symbol Sb
Atomic load 121.76
phase Solid
shade Silver
Classification metalloid
group in periodic Table 15
Group Name nitrogen family members
duration in regular Table 5
Block in routine Table p-block
Electronic Configuration 4d10 5s2 5p3
Melting suggest 630.63 °C
Boiling allude 1587 °C
Electronic shell Structure <2, 8, 18, 18, 5>
CAS Number CAS7440-36-0

community
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
Lanthanides
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
Actinide
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr

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How to locate Antimony on regular Table

Periodic table is i ordered it by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus which is same as number of electrons. The atomic number increases from left come right. Periodic table starts at height left ( atom number 1) and also ends at bottom right (atomic number 118). Therefore you can straight look because that atomic number 51 to find Antimony on periodic table.

Another method to read periodic table and also locate an facet is by using team number (column) and period number (row). To find Antimony on periodic table look because that cross section of team 15 and period 5 in the contemporary periodic table.

discover Interactive routine Table to Understand and also Learn Cool trends

Table the Contents


History
Abundance
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbit Properties
Chemical Properties
Isotopes
Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines
Databases
Compare Antimony with other elements

Antimony History

The facet Antimony was uncovered by unknown in year 3000 BC in unknown place . Antimony derived its surname from the Greek anti, "against", and also monos, "alone" (stibium in Latin)

Antimony Presence: variety in Nature and also Around Us

The table below shows the diversity of Antimony in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and also Human Body.

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
abundance in universe 4×10-8%
abundance in sun 1×10-7%
variety in Meteorites 1.2e-07
Abundance in Earth"s tardy 2e-07
diversity in oceans 2×10-8%
diversity in human beings N/A

Crystal structure of Antimony

The solid state structure of Antimony is Simple Trigonal.

The crystal structure deserve to be explained in terms of its unit Cell. The unit cells repeats itself in three dimensional space to form the structure.

Unit cell Parameters

The unit cell is stood for in regards to its lattice parameters, which are the lengths the the cabinet edges Lattice Constants (a, b and c)

a b c
430.7 430.7 1127.3 pm

and the angles between them Lattice angle (alpha, beta and also gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 π/2 2 π/3

The location of the atoms inside the unit cabinet are described by the collection of atomic positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured native a recommendation lattice point.

The symmetry properties of the crystal are described by the ide of room groups. All feasible symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional space are explained by the 230 an are groups (219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral duplicates are considered distinct.

an are Group surname R_ 3m
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room Group Number 166
Crystal framework Simple Trigonal

Antimony Atomic and Orbital Properties

Antimony atoms have actually 51 electrons and the electronic shell framework is <2, 8, 18, 18, 5> with Atomic term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 4S3/2.


atomic Number 51
Number of electron (with no charge) 51
Number the Protons 51
Mass Number 122
Number of Neutrons 71
Shell framework (Electrons per power level) <2, 8, 18, 18, 5>
Electron construction 4d10 5s2 5p3
Valence Electrons 5s2 5p3
Oxidation State -3;-2;-1 1;2;3;4;5
Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 4S3/2

Shell structure of Antimony - electrons per energy level


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Ground State electronic Configuration of Antimony - neutral Antimony atom

The ground state electronic configuration the Neutral Antimony atom is 4d10 5s2 5p3. The part of Antimony configuration that is tantamount to the noble gas the the preceding period, is abbreviated as . Because that atoms with countless electrons, this notation can become lengthy and for this reason an abbreviation notation is used.This is vital as that is the Valence electron 4d10 5s2 5p3, electron in the outermost covering that recognize the chemical properties of the element.

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Unabbreviated electronic configuration the neutral Antimony

Complete soil state digital configuration because that the Antimony atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p3

Atomic framework of Antimony

Antimony atomic radius is 133 pm, when it"s covalent radius is 138 pm.

atomic Radius

133 pm (1.33 Å)

Atomic Volume 18.1812751978 cm3
Covalent Radius 138 pm (1.38 Å)
valve der Waals Radius N/A
spirit Cross section 5.4 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum the Antimony

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Antimony chemical Properties: Antimony Ionization Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity that Antimony is 103.2 kJ/mol

Valence 5
Electronegativity 2.05
ElectronAffinity 103.2 kJ/mol

Ionization energy of Antimony

Refer to table below for Ionization energies that Antimony

Ionization power number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 834
2 1594.9
3 2440
4 4260
5 5.4×103
6 1.04×104

Antimony physics Properties

Refer to listed below table for Antimony physical Properties

density 6.697 g/cm3
Molar Volume 18.1812751978 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus 55 GPa
Shear Modulus 20 GPa
bulk Modulus 42 GPa
Poisson proportion N/A

Hardness of Antimony - tests to measure of Hardness the Element

Mohs Hardness 3 MPa
Vickers Hardness N/A
Brinell Hardness 294 MPa

Antimony electrical Properties

Antimony is Conductor that electricity. Describe table listed below for the electrical properties that Antimony

electrical Conductivity 2.5×106 S/m
Resistivity 4×10-7 m Ω
Superconducting allude N/A

Antimony Heat and Conduction Properties

heat Conductivity 24 W/(m K)
Thermal growth 0.000011 K-1

Antimony Magnetic Properties

Magnetic form Diamagnetic
Curie suggest N/A
massive Magnetic Susceptibility -1.09×10-8
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility -1.327×10-9
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility -7.3e-05

Optical properties of Antimony

Refractive table of contents N/A

Acoustic nature of Antimony

rate of Sound 3420 m/s

Antimony thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

Refer to table below for thermal properties the Antimony

Melting point 903.78 K (630.63 °C)
Boiling suggest 1860 K (1587 °C)
an important Temperature N/A
Superconducting point N/A

Enthalpies that Antimony

warm of blend 19.7 kJ/mol
warm of Vaporization 68 kJ/mol
warmth of burning "N/A" J/(kg K)

Antimony isotopes - atom Properties the Antimony

Isotopes that rhodium. Naturally emerging Antimony has actually 2 secure isotope - 121Sb, 123Sb.


Isotope Isotope massive % diversity T fifty percent Decay setting
103Sb
104Sb
105Sb
106Sb
107Sb
108Sb
109Sb
110Sb
111Sb
112Sb
113Sb
114Sb
115Sb
116Sb
117Sb
118Sb
119Sb
120Sb
121Sb 57.21% secure N/A
122Sb
123Sb 42.79% secure N/A
124Sb
125Sb
126Sb
127Sb
128Sb
129Sb
130Sb
131Sb
132Sb
133Sb
134Sb
135Sb
136Sb
137Sb
138Sb
139Sb

Regulatory and also Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7440-36-0
RTECS Number RTECSCC4025000
period Hazard course N/A
period Numbers "N/A"
EU Number N/A
NFPA Fire Rating N/A
NFPA dangers N/ A
NFPA health Rating N/A
NFPA Reactivity Rating N/A
Autoignition point N/A
Flashpoint N/A

Database Search

perform of unique identifiers to search the facet in miscellaneous chemical it is registered databases

Database identifier number
CAS Number - chemistry Abstracts business (CAS) CAS7440-36-0
CID Number CID5354495
Gmelin Number N/A
NSC Number N/A
RTECS Number RTECSCC4025000

Compare Antimony with all Group 15 elements

Antimony vs Nitrogen Antimony vs Phosphorus Antimony vs Arsenic Antimony vs Bismuth Antimony vs Moscovium

Compare Antimony with all metalloid elements

Antimony vs Boron Antimony vs Silicon Antimony vs Germanium Antimony vs Arsenic Antimony vs Tellurium Antimony vs Polonium