Internet TerminologyWhat perform all these acronyms and terms mean?World broad Web |Email| GeneralWorldWide internet TermsBanner declaring Theterm provided for ads that appear usually ~ above the height of the display screen of a webpage. Typically will show up first when you load a page, and usuallyis flashy. Sometimes additional window(s) will open up up automaticallyleading friend to full web pages because that a specific product. Clickingon this advertisement will usually open up at the very least one additional home window to a website that wants to market you something (usually somehow pertained to yoursearch or web page you have found). In general, because that this course,I"d recommend you NOT click these ads together they sometimes open multiplewindows and can eventually crash her computer. Castle can also wasteyour time. Blog Short for internet log, a blog is a net page that serves together a publicly-accessible an individual journal because that an individual. Generally updated daily, blogs regularly reflect the personality that the author. Sometimes a blog functions like a conversation board since users are frequently invited come respond come the author"s comments and create an virtual discussion.

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Browser The namefor software packages that allows us to check out the World broad Web.Netscape Navigator and Microsoft Internet traveler are 2 such browsers.Canvas A product surname for courseware. Courseware is a software program an instructor offers to provide a course through the World large Web. Other examples of courseware include Blackboard and Moodle. Cookie Amessage offered to a Web browser by a internet server. The internet browser stores themessage in a text file called cookie.txt. The article is then sent backto the server each time the internet browser requests a page from the server. The mainpurpose of cookies is to determine users and possibly prepare customizedWeb pages because that them. When you enter a internet site making use of cookies, you might beasked to fill out a form providing such information as your name and also interests.This info is packaged right into a cookie and sent to your web browserwhich shop it for later on use. The next time you go to the same web site,your browser will send the cookie come the internet server. The server can usethis information to present you v custom internet pages. So, because that example,instead of seeing just a generic welcome web page you might see a welcome pagewith your name on it. Domain Look underGeneral HTML (HypertextMarkup Language) The programming language the is supplied to createweb pages. The is a coding language whereby a block of message is surroundedby codes to indicate exactly how should the message appear. It also providescommands regarding where item from other documents should be placed, suchas images. Records that finish with .htm or .html are papers that containHypertext Markup Languages and also can be perceived through a Browser.HTTP (HypertextTransfer Protocol) The major protocol for the World large Web. Withthis protocol, girlfriend can access any net page on any public World large WebServer ~ above the Internet. Hypertext Generally,any message that consists of "links" come other papers - indigenous or phrases inthe paper that have the right to be liked by the user and also which cause an additional documentto it is in retrieved and also displayed. The message is generally underlined orhighlighted.Invisible Web Theterm provided to explain those internet sites that find engines CANNOT pick up,usually due to the fact that to acquire to these sites you need to be at a specific siteor domain, first. For example, you deserve to only retrieve specific censusdocuments by first going come the United claims census net site.They room filed in a way that every individual page CANNOT be retrieved exceptfrom the site"s database. Also, website that are not HTML files, suchas FTP files and also PDF papers (the latter, those choose up by Adobe Acrobat),will likewise NOT be choose up by many search engines (Google, in ~ presentcan pick up part PDF files). Special internet directories calledInvisible net directories are now being developed to merely index the variousspecialized DATABASES a many of details web sites have actually out there.Paid for Inclusion declaring Anew trend where search engines fee money to companies or organizationsor people who want to make certain their internet page is noted in the searchresults page. Sometimes, over there is an automatically guarantee the website will be listed, however others may require a payment just for consideration.Usually, this sites are inserted in a unique category and also may it is in so markedthat they are "Sponsored" web sites, however not always. Often, theywill be put on peak of the list and also usually will certainly be in bigger fonts.The following search engines/web directories usage this practice: GoTo.com(all that is listings), LookSmart (sponsored ads are listed under "FeaturedListings"), all find engines that usage the Inktomi database, ask Jeeves,Alta Vista, quick (AlltheWeb), Google, and others. (In Google, sponsoredsites are in a blue box field). To avoid merely going come sitesthat room "bought" rather than those that might be of better quality, usersare encouraged to get to know the interface of each search engine and also webdirectory"s search results screen. Portal (Sometimesthe term "metasite," "megasite," or "webliography" is provided for together sites).From having actually the limit of every subject to simply to a certain subject,a Portal is a internet site whereby the creator(s) have taken time to findsites that are considered useful, might be wealthy in information, and are offine quality. Some portals actually have a rating system, but mostsimply list the sites considered valuable. Portals include such sitesas INFOMINE,Academic Info and also Librarians" table of contents to the Internet.Many libraries" net sites have actually subject guides and also online referral directoriesthat would absolutely fit this category. Users have to judge and evaluatethe quality of a portal, just like any type of other internet page. Sometimesa portal will have actually a search engine together well. Note: a portal is not the same as a web catalog (one which just indexes the World wide Web).Search Engine Sitesthat assist users in finding web pages relating to favored topics. Forexample: Google, Yahoo, and Infoseek. This sites contain programsthat allow users come search through at the very least one database that searchesfor words throughout the internet. Web directories room thosethat in reality index the web (usually only a portion), and those together asYahoo! lead you come the indexing sites, first, before searching the an international Web as a whole. Portals or meta sites are those thatselect internet sites that are of considerable quality, sometimes based upon particularsubjects. Those containing search engines will certainly lead you come a listof web page that are indexed. A meta-search engine is a searchengine that acts as an user interface as that searches much more than among the othersearch engines in ~ once. Because that example, Dogpile will certainly search the databasesof Yahoo!, Altavista, and also Hotbot at once. URL (Uniform ResourceLocator) A web address. This is an addressing scheme that allowsyou to locate Internet records on the World wide Web and other placeson the InternetA URL looks like this:http://www.webwx.comA URL can additionally be really long.For example, the URL for this page is:http://www.altoalsimce.org/Library/abby/internet.htmlWeb Directory Usuallya type of search engine, a web directory indexes a portion of the an international Web (that portion contains sites that were registered straight tothe search engine"s firm and/or found by civilization employed by the searchengine"s company). The indexing is commonly done by humans and a controlledvocabulary is given so that net sites on comparable subjects have the right to be groupedtogether. Due to the fact that the World large Web is constantly growing and URLs arealways changing, web Directories usually have the right to only index a small portionof the Web. Yahoo!, LookSmart, and also Open Directoryare web directories. A web catalog could sometimes likewise have theelements that a meta-site or a portal together wellE-MailTermsAttachment A fileattached come an e-mail message. Plenty of e-mail systems just support sendingtext documents as e-mail. If the attachments is a binary file or formatted textfile (such as a MS-Word document), it need to be encoded prior to it is sentand decoded once it is received. Recent versions of email softwaresuch together Hotmail and Eudora most regularly do the encoding and decoding automatically.Domain Look underGeneral Emoticon Anacronym because that emotion icon, a small icon written of dot charactersthat indicates exactly how an e-mail message must be taken (that is,the writer"s mood). Because that example, a :-) emoticon shows that the messageis meant as a joke and shouldn"t it is in taken seriously. An emoticonis also called a smiley. EmoticonMeaning
:-)Joking
:-0Bored
;-)Winking
:-(Sad
:-Frowning
Listserv An automaticmailing perform server arisen by Eric thomas for BITNET in 1986. When e-mailis addressed to a LISTSERV e-mail list, it is automatically broadcastto anyone on the list. The an outcome is comparable to a newsgroup or forum,except the the messages space transmitted together e-mail and are thus availableonly to individuals on the list. Mailbox An areain memory or on a storage maker where e-mail is placed. Ine-mail systems, each user has a personal mailbox. When the user receivese-mail, the letter system automatically puts it in the mailbox. Spam (or spamming) Aninappropriate attempt to use a mail list, or USENET or other networkedcommunications facility together if it to be a broadcast tool by sending out thesame article to a huge number of world who didn"t ask for it. Massjunk Email. Urban Legends Theterm provided for emails friend will often receive that normally will have actually sometype that warning or some type of story and also may encourage you come send thismessage to countless others. Often, stories are made up or taken out ofcontext or are simply not true, or over there to serve prefer spam, whereby yousend multiple messages to other people. This emails can often beseen as "tall tales" or may be merely "pulling her leg." some viruswarnings room really city legends (and often untrue). Part Emailchain letter are additionally Urban Legends. Virus Look underGeneral Worm Look underGeneralGeneralInternet TermsCyberspace A metaphorfor explicate the non-physical terrain produced by computer systems. Onlinesystems, because that example, produce a cyberspace within which civilization can communicatewith one another (via e-mail), perform research, or simply home window shop. Likephysical space, cyberspace consists of objects (files, mail messages, graphics,etc.) and also different settings of transportation and delivery. Unlike real space,though, experimenting cyberspace does not require any type of physical activity otherthan pressing secrets on a keyboard or relocating a mouse. Discussion board Also well-known as Bulletin boards or conversation Groups, conversation Boards space online court where users can article messages. Messages are usually grouped by topics and such topic teams are usually called threads. Domain Typicallythe last three letters of one Internet attend to represent the domain or particularsection the the Internet. If you notice, both Email and also Web addressesend through these suffixes. Domain suffixes include:
.eduEducational Institutions
.govU.S. Government
.comCommercial (Business)
.netNetwork InfrastructureOrganizations
.orgUsually a Non-Profit Organization
.milMilitary Organization
.storeBusinesses providing goods
.infoInformation Services
.nomIndividuals v personalsites
.firmBusinesses or Firms
.webentities emphasizing theWorld large Web
.artsCultural Groups
.recRecreational or EntertainmentActivities
.us or.ca or.uk,etc.Recognized by just two letters,these domains have codes that represent specific countries (such together .ilfor Italy and also .jp for Japan). As of right now, internet addresses thathave the domains such as .com or .org most regularly identify united Statesbusinesses, organizations, etc (though the is slowly changing).A web site through the deal with that has a nation domain deserve to be ANYof the species of entities noted above.
Download To takeinformation native one computer system to one more computer or to a floppy disk.On the Internet, once you download you space taking details from a remotecomputer. FTP (File deliver Protocol) Theprotocol used on the net for sending out files. These records canbe from any program and the only means they have the right to be perceived is if you havethe program that matches the certain file, or what is dubbed a "viewer"to view them. Because that example, a PowerPoint presentation the is not convertedto html have the right to only open up if you"re in PowerPoint or your web web browser hasa type of plugin which deserve to view PowerPoint presentations.ISP (Internet service Provider) Aninstitution (usually a private company) that provides access to the Internetin part form, normally for money. LAN (Local Area Network) Acomputer network restricted to the immediate area, sometimes to the very same flooror same building. Netiquette Networketiquette, or the etiquette that the Internet. Network Any timeyou connect two or much more computers with each other so the they can share resources,you have a computer system network Newsgroup USENET.A forum or an on-line discussion group, usually covering any type of conceivableinterest. Come view and also post messages to a newsgroup, you require a newsreader, a routine that runs on her computer and connects you come a newsserver ~ above the Internet. Plugin A hardwareor software module the adds a particular feature or organization to a largersystem. For example, there room a number of plug-ins because that the Netscape Navigatorbrowser that allow it to display screen different species of audio or videomessages.

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Server A computer,or a software application package, that offers a certain kind of business to clientsoftware running on other computers. The term deserve to refer to a particularpiece that software, as a WWW server, or come the an equipment on which the softwareis running. Telnet The commandand program offered to login native one web site come another. Thetelnet command/program it s okay you come the "login" note of an additional host computer.A usual telnet screen is one through a plain background (usually black color orwhite) and does not contain any graphics. UNIX A computeroperating device (the simple software running on a computer, underneaththings choose word processors and spreadsheets). The is the most commonoperating system for servers on the Internet. Virus A program or pieceof password that is loaded onto your computer without your knowledge and also runsagainst her wishes. Most viruses can also replicate themselves. Every computerviruses space manmade. A basic virus that deserve to make a copy of chin overand end again is reasonably easy come produce. Even such a straightforward virusis dangerous since it will easily use all easily accessible memory and also bringthe device to a halt. One even more dangerous kind of virus is one capableof transmitting itself throughout networks and also bypassing security systems.Worm (1)A worm is a special form of virus that deserve to replicate itself and also use memory,but cannot attach itself to various other programs. (2) A hatchet usedloosely for much more recent viruses that are sent through Email and affectEmail software program programs such together Microsoft Outlook. When the virusis opened, the sender unknowingly sends out the virus come anyone they space emailing(usually as a separate message). Or, in part Email softwareprograms, a message have the right to be immediately sent to all addresses in the user"saddress publication without the user ever knowing. The notorious I Love You,Melissa, and also Happy99 viruses are called worms, mainly because they fitdefinition one, and the "layman" started thinking that these type of Emailviruses as "worms." Definitions adjusted fromprevious "Internet Skills" process at Chabot, the computer Webopedia and fromthe college of Arizona Library"s "Internet Jargon and Terms"
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