Presentation ~ above theme: "TEN measures TO proceeding COLLEGE analysis SKILLS"— Presentation transcript:

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2 Chapter Three: supporting DetailsSupporting details are reasons, examples, facts, steps, or other kinds of evidence that define a main idea. See page 103 in textbook.

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3 WHAT are SUPPORTING DETAILS?See web page 103 in textbook. “I recognize why i don’t lose weight. Eating big meals and also lots of snacks makes me happy. Drink beer provides me happy. Not working out makes me happy.” In this cartoon, the main idea is: “I understand why i don’t shed weight. The supporting details are: big meals, snacks, beer, and also not exercising. The joke is that these sustaining details may make that happy, however they don’t make him healthy.

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4 WHAT room SUPPORTING DETAILS?“A penny saved is a coin earned,” the old saying goes. But there room now great reasons for our government to phase the penny the end of our economy, allowing the nickel come stand as the lowest-valued coin. For one thing, pennies take it up an ext space 보다 they are worth. We have the right to all remind the time as soon as we essential a nickel, dime, or quarter to make crucial phone call, to buy a vending an equipment snack, or make a photocopy, and all we can come up v was a fistful the useless pennies. Pennies are also a nuisance come the business community. Follow to the nationwide Association of Convenience Stores, 5.5 million hours and also 22 million dollars space wasted by companies on the extra time and also effort that takes to manage pennies. Finally, keeping pennies in circulation costs the country as a whole. The manufacturing, storage, and handling expenses involved in a penny’s production and also distribution add up to considerably more than the one cent it is worth. See web page 104 in textbook. ANSWERS: 1. Pennies take up more space than they space worth. 2. Pennies are a nuisance come the service community. 3. Pennies cost the nation as a whole. The following slide shows and also explains the answers. What room the three significant details that must be included to finish the an easy outline of the paragraph? main idea: Our government should step the penny the end of the economy. Sustaining detail: 1. Supporting detail: 2. Sustaining detail: 3.

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5 WHAT are SUPPORTING DETAILS?“A penny saved is a penny earned,” the old speak goes. Yet there are now an excellent reasons for our government to phase the penny out of our economy, enabling the nickel come stand together the lowest-valued coin. <main idea> for one thing, pennies take it up much more space than they space worth. <supporting detail> We can all recall the time once we required a nickel, dime, or quarter to make an important phone call, to buy a vending device snack, or do a photocopy, and also all we could come up through was a fistful the useless pennies. Pennies are also a nuisance come the company community. <supporting detail> according to the nationwide Association that Convenience Stores, 5.5 million hours and also 22 million dollars are wasted by enterprise on the extra time and also effort the takes to handle pennies. Finally, maintaining pennies in circulation prices the country as a whole. <supporting detail> The manufacturing, storage, and also handling expenses affiliated in a penny’s production and distribution include up come considerably more than the one cent it is worth. See page 104 in textbook. Explanation The three factors given help you fully understand the key idea. Key idea: Our government should step the penny the end of the economy. Sustaining detail: 1. Pennies take up an ext space than they space worth. Supporting detail: 2. Pennies space a nuisance to the business community. Supporting detail: 3. Pennies cost the country as a whole.

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because that one thing, pennies take up an ext space than they room worth. <supporting detail> We deserve to all recall the time once we needed a nickel, dime, or 4 minutes 1 to make an essential phone call, to buy a vending an equipment snack, or make a photocopy, and also all we might come up with was a fistful the useless pennies. Pennies are additionally a nuisance to the company community. <supporting detail> according to the nationwide Association the Convenience Stores, 5.5 million hours and 22 million dollars room wasted by businesses on the extra time and effort that takes to take care of pennies. Finally, maintaining pennies in circulation expenses the nation as a whole. <supporting detail> The manufacturing, storage, and handling expenses connected in a penny’s production and also distribution include up come considerably more than the one cent that is worth. See page 104 in textbook. Explanation. The three reasons given assist you totally understand the main idea. Main idea: Our federal government should step the penny the end of the economy. Supporting detail: 1. Pennies take up more space than they space worth. Sustaining detail: 2. Pennies are a nuisance to the service community. Supporting detail: 3. Pennies cost the country as a whole.">

6 SUPPORTING DETAILS: OutliningOutlines start with the key idea, complied with by supporting details. •Major details explain and develop the main idea. •Minor details help fill the end the major details and make castle clear. See web page 105 in textbook. Outlining is a useful note-taking strategy.

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7 SUPPORTING DETAILS: OutliningMany civilization feel that violence on tv is harmless entertainment. However, we now know that TV violence does influence people in an adverse ways. One study proved that frequent TV watchers are an ext fearful and suspicious that others. They shot to protect themselves from the outside world with extra locks on the doors, alarm systems, safety dogs, and guns. In addition, that same study showed that hefty TV watchers are less upset about real-life violence 보다 non-TV watchers. It appears that the consistent violence they see on TV makes them less sensitive come the real thing. Watch pages 105 and 106 in textbook. ANSWERS: very first major detail: constant TV watchers are an ext fearful and suspicious of others. Second major detail: hefty TV watchers are much less upset about real-life violence 보다 non-TV watchers. The following slide highlights this details in the paragraph. Above is component of the i from thing 2 on TV violence. Reread it and pick the end the two major supporting details.

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8 SUPPORTING DETAILS: OutliningWhat information is necessary to complete the synopsis of this passage? Many world feel that violence on television is harmless entertainment. However, we now understand that TV violence does influence people in an adverse ways. < main idea> One study showed that constant TV watchers are more fearful and suspicious of others. < major supporting detail> They shot to safeguard themselves native the outside people with extra locks on the doors, alarm systems, guard dogs, and also guns. In addition, that very same study verified that heavy TV watchers are much less upset around real-life violence than non-TV watchers. < significant supporting detail> It seems that the continuous violence they check out on TV provides them much less sensitive come the real thing. Key idea:We now recognize that TV violence does impact people in negative ways. Significant detail: 1. Boy details:Protect themselves through extra locks, alarms, dogs, and also guns. Significant detail: 2. Boy details:Constant TV violence provides them less sensitive to the actual thing. Watch pages 105 and 106 in textbook. ANSWERS: first major detail: constant TV watchers are an ext fearful and suspicious of others. Second significant detail: hefty TV watchers are less upset around real-life violence 보다 non-TV watchers. The following slide reflects these details in the outline.

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One study proved that frequent TV watchers are much more fearful and suspicious of others. < significant supporting detail> They shot to protect themselves native the outside people with extra locks on the doors, alarm systems, guard dogs, and also guns. In addition, that very same study proved that heavy TV watchers are much less upset about real-life violence than non-TV watchers. < major supporting detail> It seems that the constant violence they see on TV provides them much less sensitive to the genuine thing. Key idea: us now know that TV violence does influence people in an adverse ways. Major detail: 1. Boy details: protect themselves through extra locks, alarms, dogs, and also guns. Major detail: 2. Minor details: constant TV violence provides them less sensitive come the actual thing. View pages 105 and 106 in textbook. ANSWERS: an initial major detail: frequent TV watchers are much more fearful and also suspicious the others. Second significant detail: hefty TV watchers are much less upset about real-life violence 보다 non-TV watchers. The following slide reflects these details in the outline.">

9 SUPPORTING DETAILS: OutliningMany civilization feel that violence on television is not authorised entertainment. However, us now understand that TV violence does impact people in an adverse ways. < key idea> One study showed that constant TV watchers are an ext fearful and suspicious the others. < major supporting detail> They try to safeguard themselves native the outside people with extra locks ~ above the doors, alert systems, safety dogs, and guns. In addition, that exact same study verified that hefty TV watchers are less upset about real-life violence 보다 non-TV watchers. < major supporting detail> It seems that the constant violence they watch on TV provides them much less sensitive to the genuine thing. Key idea:We now recognize that TV violence does affect people in an unfavorable ways. Major detail: 1.Frequent TV watchers are an ext fearful and also suspicious that others. Boy details:Protect themselves through extra locks, alarms, dogs, and guns. Major detail: 2.Heavy TV watchers are less upset about real-life violence 보다 non-TV watchers. Boy details:Constant TV violence makes them much less sensitive come the genuine thing. View pages 105 and 106 in textbook.

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One study proved that frequent TV watchers are much more fearful and suspicious that others. < major supporting detail> They try to defend themselves indigenous the outside civilization with extra locks top top the doors, alarm systems, guard dogs, and guns. In addition, that very same study verified that heavy TV watchers are much less upset around real-life violence than non-TV watchers. < major supporting detail> It seems that the continuous violence they watch on TV renders them less sensitive to the real thing. Main idea: us now understand that TV violence does influence people in an unfavorable ways. Major detail: 1. Regular TV watchers are much more fearful and also suspicious the others. Minor details: defend themselves v extra locks, alarms, dogs, and guns. Significant detail: 2. Heavy TV watchers are much less upset around real-life violence than non-TV watchers. Boy details: continuous TV violence provides them less sensitive to the genuine thing. Check out pages 105 and 106 in textbook.">

10 SUPPORTING DETAILS: OutliningOutlining Tips reminder 1Look for words the tell girlfriend a perform of details is coming. List Words numerous kinds of various causes a couple of reasons a number ofa collection ofthree factors four stepsamong the resultsseveral advantages See pages 106 and also 107 in textbook. Examples •But there room now good reasons for our government to phase the penny out of the economy. •In fact, we now know that TV violence does impact people in negative ways.

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11 SUPPORTING DETAILS: OutliningOutlining Tips reminder 2Look for words that signal major details. Together words space called addition words. Enhancement Words one to begin with alsofurther first (of all)for one thingin enhancement furthermore second(ly)othernextlast (of all) third(ly)anothermoreoverfinal(ly) examples See page 107 in textbook. Many civilization feel that violence on tv is not authorised entertainment. However, us now recognize that TV violence does impact people in negative ways <list words>. One study confirmed that frequent TV watchers are an ext fearful and suspicious that others. They shot to protect themselves from the outside world with extra locks ~ above the doors, alarm systems, safety dogs, and also guns. In addition, that exact same study proved that heavy TV watchers are less upset around real-life violence 보다 non-TV watchers. It seems that the consistent violence they check out on TV renders them less sensitive to the real thing.

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. One study verified that regular TV watchers are much more fearful and suspicious the others. They shot to defend themselves from the outside civilization with extra locks ~ above the doors, alarm systems, safety dogs, and also guns. In addition, that exact same study proved that hefty TV watchers are much less upset around real-life violence 보다 non-TV watchers. It appears that the continuous violence they watch on TV provides them less sensitive come the real thing.">

12 SUPPORTING DETAILS: OutliningOutlining Tips guideline 3 In her outline, put all sustaining details of equal prestige at the same distance native the margin. Instance Main idea 1. Major detail a. Minor information b. Minor information 2. Significant detail c. Minor information 3. Significant detail See page 108 in textbook.

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13 SUPPORTING DETAILS: MappingMaps, or diagrams, are visual outlines in which circles, boxes, or other shapes show the relationship between main ideas and supporting details. Mapping, prefer outlining, is a advantageous note-taking strategy. See web page 110 in textbook.

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14 SUPPORTING DETAILS: MappingBelow is a map of the paragraph on phasing out the penny. Listed below is a map that the i on motivating workers. “A penny conserved is a coin earned,” the old speak goes. Yet there room now great reasons because that our government to step the penny the end of our economy, allowing the nickel to stand together the lowest-valued coin. <main idea> for one thing, pennies take it up much more space 보다 they are worth. <supporting detail> We deserve to all recall the time once we necessary a nickel, dime, or 4 minutes 1 to make critical phone call, buy a vending an equipment snack, or do a photocopy, and also all we could come up through was a fistful the useless pennies. Pennies are additionally a nuisance to the organization community. <supporting detail> follow to the nationwide Association of Convenience Stores, 5.5 million hours and also 22 million dollars room wasted by enterprise on the extra time and effort that takes to take care of pennies. Finally, keeping pennies in circulation costs the nation as a whole. <supporting detail> The manufacturing, storage, and handling expenses involved in a penny’s production and distribution include up to considerably much more than the one cent it is worth. See page 110 in textbook. Our federal government should step the penny the end of our economy. Certain straightforward fears are component of our lives. Pennies take up an ext space 보다 they room worth. Pennies are a nuisance come the business community. Pennies price the country as a whole.

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for one thing, pennies take it up much more space 보다 they space worth. <supporting detail> We deserve to all remind the time as soon as we needed a nickel, dime, or quarter to make critical phone call, to buy a vending an equipment snack, or make a photocopy, and all we can come up through was a fistful of useless pennies. Pennies are additionally a nuisance come the company community. <supporting detail> follow to the nationwide Association the Convenience Stores, 5.5 million hours and 22 million dollars are wasted by companies on the extra time and effort that takes to take care of pennies. Finally, keeping pennies in circulation prices the nation as a whole. <supporting detail> The manufacturing, storage, and also handling expenses associated in a penny’s production and distribution include up to considerably much more than the one cent that is worth. See page 110 in textbook. Our government should phase the penny out of our economy. Certain an easy fears are part of our lives. Pennies take up much more space 보다 they are worth. Pennies space a nuisance come the company community. Pennies cost the country as a whole.">

15 SUPPORTING DETAILS: MappingRead the following paragraph. Notice the list words and the addition words that signal the three major details. Weber states that there space three species of government from i m sorry governments gain their ideal to command. One type of government is based upon tradition. Kings, queens, feudal lords, and tribal chiefs do not require written rules in order to govern. Their authority is based upon long-standing customs and also is handed down through generations from parent to child. World may also submit come authority since of charisma, the exceptional personal quality of an individual. Such leaders as Napoleon and Gandhi illustrate authority that derives that is legitimacy from charismatic personalities. The political equipment of industrial states room based greatly on a third form of authority: legitimate authority. These equipment derive legitimacy indigenous a collection of clear rules and procedures the spell the end the ruler’s rights and also duties. Typically, the rules and procedures are put in writing. The civilization grant your obedience to “the law.” the specifies actions by which certain individuals host offices of power, together as branch or chairman or element minister. But the authority is vested in those offices, no in the people who temporarily host the offices. See page 111 in textbook. ANSWERS: 1. Three varieties 2. One 3. Likewise 4. Third The next slide highlights and shows these answers. 1. What words in the first sentence phone call you the a list of details is coming? 2. What word signals the first major detail? 3. What word signals the second significant detail? 4. What word signals the third major detail?

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16 SUPPORTING DETAILS: MappingRead the following paragraph. Notice the perform words and the addition words the signal the three significant details. Weber says that there room three types of government from i beg your pardon governments acquire their ideal to command. One type of authority is based on tradition. Kings, queens, feudal lords, and tribal chiefs perform not require written rule in order come govern. Their authority is based upon long-standing customs and also is handed down v generations from parent to child. People may likewise submit come authority because of charisma, the exceptional personal quality of one individual. Together leaders as Napoleon and also Gandhi show authority that derives the legitimacy indigenous charismatic personalities. The political equipment of commercial states are based greatly on a third type of authority: legit authority. These solution derive legitimacy from a collection of clearly rules and also procedures that spell out the ruler’s rights and also duties. Typically, the rules and procedures are put in writing. The people grant their obedience come “the law.” that specifies measures by which specific individuals host offices of power, such as branch or chairman or element minister. However the authority is forgive in those offices, no in the people who temporarily organize the offices. See web page 111 in textbook. 1. What native in the very first sentence call you the a list of details is coming? 2. What word signal the an initial major detail? 3. What word signal the second significant detail? 4. What word signal the third major detail? three species One also third

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17 SUPPORTING DETAILS: MappingWhat major detail must be added to the map below? Weber states that there are three types of authority from which governments acquire their appropriate to command. One type of government is based on tradition. Kings, queens, feudal lords, and tribal chiefs carry out not need written rule in order come govern. Their authority is based on long-standing customs and also is handed down through generations from parental to child. Human being may additionally submit to authority due to the fact that of charisma, the exceptional personal quality of one individual. Together leaders together Napoleon and Gandhi highlight authority the derives that legitimacy indigenous charismatic personalities. The political equipment of industrial states room based mainly on a third kind of authority: legal authority. These equipment derive legitimacy indigenous a collection of clear rules and procedures that spell the end the ruler’s rights and also duties. Typically, the rules and procedures are put in writing. The world grant your obedience to “the law.” the specifies measures by which specific individuals host offices the power, such as branch or president or prime minister. Yet the authority is vested in those offices, not in the people who temporarily host the offices. See web page 111 in textbook. ANSWERS: an initial oval - tradition second oval - charisma 3rd oval - legislation The following slide highlights and shows these answers. There are three species of federal government authority. Based on Based on based on

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18 SUPPORTING DETAILS: MappingWeber states that there space three varieties of authority from i m sorry governments get their ideal to command. One type of authority is based upon tradition. Kings, queens, feudal lords, and tribal chiefs execute not need written rule in order to govern. Their authority is based on long-standing customs and also is handed down with generations from parent to child. Civilization may likewise submit to authority because of charisma, the exceptional personal quality of an individual. Such leaders together Napoleon and Gandhi highlight authority the derives that is legitimacy indigenous charismatic personalities. The political solution of commercial states are based mainly on a third kind of authority: legal authority. These systems derive legitimacy native a collection of explicit rules and procedures that spell the end the ruler’s rights and also duties. Typically, the rules and also procedures are placed in writing. The human being grant their obedience to “the law.” that specifies actions by which particular individuals host offices of power, together as branch or chairman or prime minister. But the government is vested in those offices, no in the people who temporarily organize the offices. See page 111 in textbook. There are three varieties of government authority. Based upon tradition based upon charisma based upon law

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19 SUPPORTING DETAILS: SummarizingA an overview is the palliation of a huge amount of details to its most vital points. Prefer outlining and mapping, summarizing is a valuable note-taking strategy. View pages 113 and 114 in textbook.

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20 SUPPORTING DETAILS: SummarizingRead the textbook passage below. Then review the review that follows it. People under serious stress might react come their problems with regression, a go back to childlike behavior and defenses. Adults who cry when their arguments fail might expect those about them to react sympathetically, as their parental did when they were children. Other adults may use temper tantrums in a similar way. In both examples, human being are illustration on childish actions to solve present problems, in the hope that someone will certainly respond to them the method adults did once they to be children. Inappropriate together it might seem, together immature and manipulative actions often works—at the very least for a while. An introduction See pages 113 and also 114 in textbook. Regression—a go back to childlike behavior and defenses come solve present problems. Because that example, one adult whose argument fails might cry to get sympathy. • notice that the definition is not summarized, however the supporting details is summarized.

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21 SUPPORTING DETAILS: SummarizingRead this textbook passage. Then answer the inquiry that follows it. The propensity for members to it is in so intent on keeping group covenant that castle overlook or put aside the flaws in your decision is dubbed groupthink. Once a tentative decision has actually been made, members withhold information or opinions the might actors doubt on the course the action. They execute not want to be viewed as criticizing your colleagues or as “rocking the boat.” If outside experts raise questions about the wisdom of their decision, members hold together in opposing and discrediting the brand-new information. The classic example that “groupthink” occurred during chairman Kennedy’s administration. Kennedy seek the advice that a tiny group of reliable advisers in deciding even if it is to assistance the just of Pigs intrusion of Cuba in Although numerous advisers had solid objections come the plan, not one express doubts. As far as Kennedy knew, his advisers to be unanimously in favor. The invasion was a military and public connections disaster. I beg your pardon example below best completes the study notes? See page 115 in textbook. ANSWER: C The next slide defines the answer. Groupthink—the propensity for members to be so intent on preserving group commitment that they overlook or put aside the flaws in your decision. Example— A.During Kennedy’s administration, the just of Pigs invasion of Cuba in was a military and also public relations disaster. B.The standard example occurred during president Kennedy’s administration. C.Kennedy go ahead with the terrible Bay of Pigs invasion due to the fact that advisors withheld their objections.

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22 SUPPORTING DETAILS: SummarizingA vital point in the meaning is the the team members overlook or put aside flaws in a decision. Price A tells around the results of the only of Pigs invasion, but says nothing about the advisors withholding your true opinions. Price B additionally does not cite the vital point of the definition. Price C does encompass the idea the the advisors withheld their objections in order to seem unanimously in favor of the invasion. See web page 115 in textbook. Groupthink—the tendency for members to be so intent on keeping group covenant that lock overlook or put aside the flaws in their decision. Example— A.During Kennedy’s administration, the bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba in was a military and also public connections disaster. B.The standard example developed during president Kennedy’s administration. C.Kennedy go ahead through the disastrous Bay the Pigs invasion because advisors withheld their objections.

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23 In this chapter, friend learned the following:CHAPTER testimonial In this chapter, friend learned the following: •Major and also minor details provide the added information you must make sense of a main idea. • perform words and addition words can help you come find significant and minor sustaining details. • Outlining, mapping, and also summarizing are valuable note-taking strategies. • Outlines present the relationship between the key idea, significant details, and minor details that a passage. • Maps are really visual outlines. • creating a an interpretation and summarizing an instance is a great way to take it notes top top a brand-new term. See page 119 in textbook.


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The following chapter—Chapter 4—will display you exactly how to discover implied main concepts and central points.

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