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Greece The Aegean Islandshttps://altoalsimce.org/countries/greece/geography/greece_geography_the_aegean_islands.htmlSources: The Library the Congress country Studies; CIA civilization FactbookBack to Greece geography The Aegean Sea extends native Crete northward to the shores the Macedonia and Thrace, connecting v the black Sea to its northeast with the Dardanelles Strait, the Bosporus Strait, and also the Sea that Marmara, i beg your pardon lies in between the two straits. This configuration means that the Aegean Sea is the just route native the port of Russia and Ukraine right into the Mediterranean and to the remainder of the world. The term Aegean archipelago technically consists of Crete and also all the archipelago in the Aegean Sea between Greece and also Turkey. Turkey possesses just two little islands in ~ the northeastern end of the sea. Rights to the seabed and the continental shelf adjoining the islands and also the Turkish mainland ended up being a major issue between the two countries in the 1980s (see Turkey , ch. 4). The islands are geological expansions of the hills of the Greek mainland, forming regional clusters in the Aegean Sea. (They once created a land bridge from the mainland come Asia Minor.) The northern Sporades, off the east coastline of the Greek mainland, are administratively part of Thessaly. The Cyclades (Kiklades) space a larger, denser team of twenty-four islands southeast that the Peloponnesus and also directly phibìc of Crete. Most of the archipelago in this archipelago room dry, rocky, and also infertile, however two--Naxos (the largest) and Siros (location the the provincial capital, Ermoupolis)--have enough fertile land to flourish fruit and also vegetables. Naxos has actually fertile and also well-watered valleys as well as the greatest elevation amongst the island group, 1,007 meters. The greatly uninhabited island the Delos (Dilos) roughly which the Cyclades revolve according come legend, is the mythological birthplace that the god Apollo; it has actually become crucial archeological site and tourist attraction. Eastern of the Cyclades and closest come the Turkish shore are the Dodecanese (Dodekanisos) Islands, one archipelago consisting of fourteen inhabited and eighteen uninhabited islands the were held by Italy till 1947. (The composition of the team has differed over time, as suggested by the name, which method "the twelve islands"--referring to the inhabited part of the group.) except for the two largest islands, Rhodes (Rodos) and also Cos (Kos), the islands room deforested and also have bad drainage. Rhodes, the largest and also easternmost that the island group, has an area of 540 square kilometers. Present of hills operation parallel native northwest to southeast, perpendicular to a ridge that adheres to the entire northwest coast, reaching an elevation of 1,200 meters. The inland valleys and coastal plains sell rich land because that pasturage and also grain cultivation. A part of the ancient Minoan civilization, Rhodes was an important commercial center under Dorian tribes from the mainland approximately 1,000 B.C., then again in classical times. A bronze statue that the sunlight god Helios, often called the Colossus of Rhodes, stood at the harbor enntrance gate of the funding city, Rodos, and also was one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. One earthquake toppled the in the 3rd century A.D. In the classical period, Rhodes was independent, changing its loyalty amongst Athens, Sparta, and Persia. Its many notable function in subsequent background was as an island fortress that the Christian Knights Hospitallers versus the Turks between the early on fourteenth and also early 16 centuries. In the twenty century, tourist trade has actually made Rhodes prosperous. The island produces largely wine, grain, and fruit. Cos has actually a limestone ridge follow me its southern coast and a abundant lowland, watered through springs aside from that inland, follow me the north coast. The main lowland likewise produces fruits, vegetables, olives, and tobacco. The coastline provides one usable harbor. The archipelago of Samos and Ikaria space located just north that the Dodecanese group; in addition to a little island group, the Fournoi, in between them, they type a single province. Samos is unique amongst the Greek islands due to the fact that it is spanned with trees; its abundant farmland produce olives and also grapes. Ikaria and also the Fournoi lack fertile land. The island the Chios (Khios), midway up the Turkish coast, is largely mountainous, but fertile levels in the south and east enable cultivation the fruit and grapes. Lesbos (Lesvos), Lemnos (Limnos), and Ayios Evstratios are the three northernmost Aegean islands. Lesbos, 3rd largest the the Greek islands, has rugged inland terrain with well-irrigated seaside lowlands and foothills where olives are the chef crop. Lemnos, equidistant between the easternmost spur the the Khalkidiki Peninsula and the Turkish mainland, has comparatively flat terrain, but water is scarce and also the island is ideal suited to elevating sheep and goats rather than agriculture. Data together of December 1994NOTE: The information concerning Greece ~ above this web page is re-published from The Library of Congress nation Studies and also the CIA people Factbook. No claims are made concerning the accuracy of greece The Aegean islands information contained here.

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