Let’s start from the top: Hyper- is a prefix that means excess or exaggeration, if hypo- is another prefix that method under or beneath. Both hyper and hypo room usually offered as prefixes, i beg your pardon are elements or partial words included to the beginning of a basic word to change its meaning. Hyper is derived from the Greek word because that over, and hypo is a Greek indigenous that means under. Since they sound really similar, their meanings are often confused.
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When you add the prefix hyper- to a word, it shows an overabundance or overfill of some kind. For example, words hyperactive method extraordinarily active, as in “The student was therefore hyperactive she couldn’t sit still in class.” Similarly, hyperbole (derived native the Greek word for throwing beyond) means an intentional and obvious exaggeration. An instance of hyperbole is the sentence “It take it forever for the taxi come arrive.” This is plainly an exaggeration, as forever is an extreme amount that time come wait for a taxi.
In modern usage, words hyper is also an adjective that means overexcited or overstimulated, together in the sentence “The son was hyper after eating too much candy.” It likewise indicates a fanatical or obsessive preoccupation, together in “He’s for this reason hyper about germs that he washes his hands 20 times a day.”
Hypo-, is the contrary of hyper-: it way underneath, much less than normal, or deficient in part way. Because that example, words hypothermia suggests a body temperature that’s much lower 보다 normal. Hypodermic (as in “hypodermic needle”) means under the skinHypochondria describes an excessive preoccupation with and worry about one’s health. Words is acquired from the Greek indigenous hypokhondria, i beg your pardon literally translates to under the cartilage (of the breastbone). Its intake dates ago to the 16th century when physicians thought the seat of psychosomatic disease was in the top abdomen. Although medical professionals no longer think this, words retains much of its initial meaning.
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Science and also Medicine
The prefixes hypo- and also hyper- are likewise common in medical and also scientific terminology. Hypertension and also hypotension, for instance, define high blood pressure and low blood pressure, respectively. The word hyperbaric refers to better than typical gaseous pressure, such together in a hyperbaric chamber the delivers high-pressure oxygen. Whereas the clinical term because that deep sea fauna is hypobenthos.Hyper- and hypo- are conveniently confused, but their definitions are less complicated to recall if you associate the state with picture or idea. Because that example, to remember the definition of hyper-, think of a hyperactive friend that is constantly on the go. Alternatively, remember the your critical flu shot to be from a hypodermic needle, and also the definition of hypo- becomes really clear.