Many English speakers may not realize how regularly English words are actually taken, verbatim, native both ancient and modern languages. Latin, in particular, has been very influential not only on the romance languages, such as French, Spanish, and Italian, but likewise on today’s English. It might come as a surprised to find out that English speakers use usual Latin phrases every day, most recognizably in the sciences.
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Below space 24 that the most common Latin phrases we use in the English language.
1. Advertisement hoc: come this
In Latin, ad hoc literally method to this, which has actually been adjusted by English speakers as a saying that denotes that something is developed or done for a particular purpose, together necessary. Usually, one go something on an ad hoc communication (e.g., she answered questions on an advertisement hoc basis).
2. Alibi: Elsewhere
The native alibi is a Latin expression that simply means elsewhere, which will make sense to every you crime drama addicts out there who are familiar with the term as provided by police, investigators, and other law enforcement professionals. Nowadays, alibi commonly refers to evidence that who did not commit a (usually) criminal act because he or she was somewhere else at the time the act was committed.
3. Bona fide: With great faith
Another common Latin phrase, bona fide literally way with great faith. The meaning has changed somewhat in English consumption to typical something the is actual or real (e.g., she to be a bona fide professional in the social structures of humpback whales).
4. Bonus: Good
Bonus, from the Latin adjective bonus, which way good, advert to any kind of number of great things in its existing English usage. Many often, bonus describes an extra amount of money or reward native one’s employee for good performance, i beg your pardon of food is constantly a good thing.
5. Carpe diem: grab the day
A usual phrase v motivational speakers and also go-getters, carpe diem is a Latin expression that way seize the day, made renowned by the roman poet Horace. That is usually supplied to motivate rather to do the many of the present and stop worrying around the future.
6. De Facto: In fact
De facto is a Latin phrase that, literally translated, means of fact. Nowadays, that is used to highlight something that is just a reality or someone that holds a position, v or there is no the right to execute so (e.g., she was the de facto leader the the publication club).
7. E.g.: because that example
Commonly perplexed with the similar Latin ax i.e., e.g. represents the Latin phrase exempli gratia, an interpretation for the benefits of example. In English, the is offered to introduce a list of examples in place of the expression such as.
8. Ego: I
A famous term in psychology, ego in fact started as the Latin tantamount of the an initial person pronoun, I, which makes sense once considering its modern-day meaning, which refers to an individual’s sense of self-worth or self-esteem.
9. Ergo: Therefore
Ergo, an adverb definition therefore, is one Latin phrase that has maintained its definition exactly in English usage.
10. Et cetera: and so on
Used at the end of a list to indicate that additional items might be included, et cetera (or etc.) literally equates to and the rest.
11. Extra: In enhancement to
A common English adjective and also prefix, extra is a Latin preposition that method outside or in addition. In English, extra is an adjective, adverb, or prefix that method additional, in addition, or to a greater extent.
12. I.e.: that is
Sometimes mistaken for the similar abbreviation e.g., i.e. represents the Latin phrase id est, which literally translates to that is. It is most often used to add information that says something in different words or to provide a more specific example: many of the puppies (i.e., four of the six) found homes over the weekend.
13. Impromptu: Spontaneous
From the Latin phrase in promptu, an interpretation in readiness, immediate is a usual English adjective or adverb that explains something voluntarily (e.g., she threw one impromptu date of birth party because that her ideal friend).
14. Intro: Within
Originally the first-person present indicative type of the Latin verb intro, definition to enter, intro in English usage has end up being a prefix or unshened noun that describes the beginning of something (i.e., an introduction).
15. Multi: Many
Multi is the plural type of the Latin adjective multus, meaning many. In English, it is used as a prefix to define something the contains much more than among something else (e.g., multicolored, multifaceted, multicultural, etc.).
16. Per se: In itself
Meaning by, of, for, or in itself in Latin, per se is a common phrase offered to emphasize the importance or link of something (e.g., that was not the publication per se that was important, however the blog post the author tried to get across).
17. Agree bono (publico): because that the good (of the public)
Pro bono shows that something is being excellent without payment or reimbursement. The expression is often used when lawyers provide legal services for tiny or no money, despite its use is not exclusive come the legal profession.
18. Quid pro quo: Something because that something
A contrasting ideology to pro bono is quid pro quo. That is one “eye-for-an-eye” type of saying the is offered in English to denote a favor or advantage given in return because that something of same value. A renowned saying v vindictive villains, quid pro quo literally means something for something.
19. Re: About
You more than likely use this Latin preposition every day there is no really expertise its meaning. Re simply means about, and also in modern times, we see it provided most regularly in responses to emails and in various other correspondence to describe an previously topic of discussion.
20. Semi: Half
A prefix borrowed from Latin, semi equates to half. When supplied in English, it suggests that miscellaneous is incomplete or partially finished (e.g., semidetached, semiautomatic, semi-final, etc.).
21. Standing quo: currently state that affairs
This straight-up Latin expression literally converts to the state in which and also is used in English to explain an present state of affairs, usually concerned political or social issues.
22. Verbatim: In precisely the exact same words
Derived from the Latin verbum, i m sorry simply method word, verbatim describes repeating miscellaneous word-for-word indigenous the original.
23. Versus: Against
This usual Latin expression was originally a preposition an interpretation against or toward. In English, versus is used to denote opposing pressures or oppositions and contrasts.
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24. Vice versa: The other method around
Vice versa is a Latin expression that literally method in a rotate position. In English, the is commonly used to suggest that two things room interchangeable.