How do you psychic the means to your friend"s house? Why carry out your eye blink there is no you ever before thinking around it? where do dreams come from? Your brain is in fee of this things and also a lot more.

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In fact, your mind is the boss of her body. It runs the show and controls just around everything friend do, even when you"re asleep. Not poor for something the looks like a large gray wrinkly sponge.


Your brain has plenty of different parts that job-related together. We"re going come talk around these five parts, i m sorry are vital players top top the brain team:

cerebrum (say: suh-REE-brum) cerebellum (say: sair-uh-BELL-um) mind stem pituitary (say: puh-TOO-uh-ter-ee) gland hypothalamus (say: hy-po-THAL-uh-mus)

The best Part: the Cerebrum

The biggest part of the mind is the cerebrum. The cerebrum is the thinking part of the brain and the controls her voluntary muscles — the people that move when you want them to. Therefore you require your cerebrum to run or kick a football ball.

You require your cerebrum to deal with math problems, number out a video clip game, and also draw a picture. Your memory resides in the cerebrum — both temporary memory (what friend ate because that dinner last night) and also long-term memory (the name of the roller-coaster girlfriend rode on 2 summers ago). The cerebrum additionally helps you reason, like as soon as you figure out the you"d much better do her homework now because your mommy is taking you to a movie later.

The cerebrum has two halves, v one ~ above either side of the head. Scientists think the the right half helps you think around abstract things choose music, colors, and shapes. The left half is claimed to be much more analytical, help you with math, logic, and speech. Scientists do recognize for certain that the right fifty percent of the cerebrum controls the left side of her body, and also the left half controls the right side.

The Cerebellum"s Balancing Act

Next increase is the cerebellum. The cerebellum is at the earlier of the brain, below the cerebrum. It"s a lot smaller than the cerebrum. But it"s a very important part of the brain. That controls balance, movement, and coordination (how your muscles work together).

Because of her cerebellum, you have the right to stand upright, save your balance, and move around. Think about a surfer speak the tide on his board. What does he need most to stay balanced? The finest surfboard? The coolest wetsuit? Nope — he requirements his cerebellum!

Brain Stem Keeps You breathing — and More

Another brain part that"s little but mighty is the mind stem. The mind stem sits beneath the cerebrum and in prior of the cerebellum. That connects the rest of the mind to the spinal cord, i m sorry runs down your neck and also back. The brain stem is in fee of every the attributes your body demands to continue to be alive, prefer breathing air, digesting food, and circulating blood.

Part that the mind stem"s project is to regulate your involuntary muscles — the people that work-related automatically, without you even thinking about it. There are involuntary muscle in the heart and also stomach, and also it"s the mind stem that tells her heart to pump much more blood as soon as you"re biking or her stomach to start digesting her lunch. The brain stem additionally sorts v the millions of messages the the brain and the remainder of the human body send back and forth. Whew! It"s a large job gift the brain"s secretary!

Pituitary Gland Controls Growth

The pituitary gland is very little — only about the dimension of a pea! Its job is come produce and release hormones right into your body. If your clothing from last year are too small, it"s because your pituitary gland released special hormones the made you grow. This gland is a huge player in puberty too. This is the time as soon as boys" and girls" bodies walk through major changes as they slowly come to be men and also women, all many thanks to hormones released by the pituitary gland.

This small gland also plays a function with numerous other hormones, like ones that manage the lot of sugars and also water in her body.

Hypothalamus Controls Temperature

The hypothalamus is like your brain"s inner thermostat (that small box ~ above the wall that controls the warmth in your house). The hypothalamus to know what temperature your body have to be (about 98.6°F or 37°C). If your body is as well hot, the hypothalamus tells it come sweat. If you"re as well cold, the hypothalamus gets you shivering. Both shivering and also sweating space attempts to get your body"s temperature back where it needs to be.

You have Some Nerve!

So the brain is boss, but it can"t execute it alone. It demands some nerves — actually a the majority of them. And also it demands the spinal cord, i beg your pardon is a lengthy bundle of nerves inside your spinal column, the vertebrae that protect it. It"s the spinal cord and nerves — recognized as the nervous mechanism — that let messages flow ago and forth in between the brain and body.

If a spiky cactus drops off a shelf headed best for your ideal friend, her nerves and brain communicate so the you run up and also yell for her friend to obtain out the the way. If you"re really good, possibly you"re able to record the plant before it hits your friend!

The nervous device is made up of millions and millions the neurons (say: NUR-onz), which room microscopic cells. Every neuron has tiny branches coming turn off it that let it attach to plenty of other neurons.

When you find out things, the messages travel from one neuron come another, over and also over. Eventually, the mind starts to develop connections (or pathways) in between the neurons, therefore things end up being easier and also you deserve to do them much better and better.

Think ago to the first time friend rode a bike. Your mind had to think about pedaling, staying balanced, steering with the handlebars, city hall the road, and maybe also hitting the brakes — all at once. Difficult work, right? however eventually, together you got much more practice, the neurons sent messages back and forth until a pathway was produced in your brain. Now you have the right to ride her bike without thinking around it due to the fact that the neurons have actually successfully produced a "bike riding" pathway.

Emotion Location

With all the other things the does, is it any kind of surprise the the mind runs your emotions? maybe you had actually fun on her birthday and also you were yes, really happy. Or her friend is sick and you feeling sad. Or your little brother messed up her room, so you"re yes, really angry! Where perform those feeling come from? your brain, that course.

Your mind has a little bunch of cell on every side called the amygdala (say: uh-MIG-duh-luh). Words amygdala is Latin for almond, and also that"s what this area looks like. Scientists believe that the amygdala is responsible for emotion. It"s typical to feeling all different kinds of emotions, good and bad. Sometimes you could feel a small sad, and other times you can feel scared, or silly, or glad.

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Be an excellent to your Brain

So what can you execute for your brain? Plenty.

Eat healthy and balanced foods. Castle contain vitamins and minerals that are vital for the nervous system. Gain a many playtime (exercise). Undertake a helmet as soon as you ride her bike or play other sports that call for head protection. Don"t drink alcohol, take it drugs, or use tobacco. Use your mind by doing challenging activities, such as puzzles, reading, play music, make art, or anything rather that provides your mind a workout!