Prentice room Science traveler - earth Science - Vocabulary thing 16 - Weather Factors

A kind of energy that can travel v space.

You are watching: Winds that blow steadily from specific directions

RADIATIONThe direct transfer of power through empty space by electromagnetic waves.
INFRARED RADIATIONA kind of energy with wavelengths that are longer than clearly shows light.
ULTRAVIOLET RADIATIONA type of power with wavelengths the are much shorter than clearly shows light.
SCATTERINGReflecting of light in all directions.
GREENHOUSE EFFECTThe process by which heat is trapped in the environment by water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, and also other gases that kind a "blanket" about Earth.
THERMAL ENERGYThe power of activity in the molecule of a substance.
TEMPERATUREThe median amount of energy of motion in the molecule that a substance.
THERMOMETERAn instrument used to measure temperature, consist of of a thin, glass tube through a bulb on one end that includes a liquid (usually mercury or alcohol).
HEATThe power transferred from a hotter thing to a cooler one.
CONDUCTIONThe deliver of warmth from one substance to another by direct contact of particles of matter.
CONVECTIONThe deliver of warm by activities of a fluid.
WINDThe horizontal activity of waiting from an area that high push to an area of reduced pressure.
ANEMOMETERAn instrument used to measure up wind speed.
WIND-CHILL FACTORIncreased cooling led to by the wind.
LOCAL WINDWinds the blow over brief distances.
SEA BREEZEThe circulation of wait from an s or lake to the land.
LAND BREEZEThe flow of waiting from land to a body of water.
MONSOONSea and also land breezes end a huge region that adjust direction v the seasons.
GLOBAL WINDSWinds that blow steadily from specific directions over lengthy distances.
CORIOLIS EFFECTThe means Earth's rotation renders winds in the north Hemisphere curve to the right and also winds in the southern Hemisphere curve come the left.
JET STREAMBands that high-speed winds around 10 kilometers above Earth's surface.
EVAPORATIONThe process by which molecule at the surface of a liquid, such together water, absorb enough energy to readjust to a gas state, such together water vapor.
HUMIDITYA measure up of the lot of water vapor in the air.
RELATIVE HUMIDITYThe percentage of water vapor in the air contrasted to the maximum quantity the air can hold at that temperature.
PSYCHROMETERAn instrument used to measure family member humidity, consisting of a wet-bulb thermometer and also a dry-bulb thermometer.
CONDENSATIONThe process by i m sorry a gas, such together water vapor, changes to a liquid, such as water.
DEW POINTThe temperature in ~ which condensation begins.
CUMULUSClouds that type less 보다 2 kilometers above the ground and also look prefer fluffy, rounded piles that cotton.
STRATUSClouds that form in level layers.

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CIRRUSWispy, feather clouds made greatly of ice cream crystals that type at high levels, above around 6 kilometers.
LATITUDEThe distance north or south from the equator, measured in degrees