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Key People:Henry Cavendish...(Show more)Related Topics:potential differenceequipotential surfaceendocochlear potentialaccelerating potentialbeam voltage...(Show more)
electric potential, the lot of work required to move a unit fee from a reference allude to a certain point versus an electrical field. Typically, the reference suggest is Earth, return any point beyond the influence of the electric field charge can be used.
The diagram mirrors the pressures acting top top a hopeful charge q located between two plates, A and also B, the an electric field E. The electrical force F exerted by the field on the hopeful charge is F = qE; to move the charge from bowl A come plate B, an equal and opposite force (F′ = −qE) should then it is in applied. The work W done in moving the optimistic charge with a street d is W = F′d = −qEd.
The electric potential is one more useful field. It gives an different to the electrical field in electrostatics problems....
The potential energy for a hopeful charge increases when that moves versus an electrical field and decreases as soon as it moves v the electrical field; opposing is true for a an unfavorable charge. Unless the unit charge crosses a an altering magnetic field, that is potential at any kind of given point does not count on the route taken.
Although the principle of electric potential is advantageous in understanding electric phenomena, only distinctions in potential energy are measurable. If an electric field is characterized as the force per unit charge, then by analogy an electric potential deserve to be thought of together the potential energy per unit charge. Therefore, the work done in moving a unit charge from one suggest to another (e.g., within an electrical circuit) is same to the difference in potential energies at every point. In the worldwide System of units (SI), electrical potential is to express in devices of joules per coulomb (i.e., volts), and also differences in potential energy are measured with a voltmeter.
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