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The adhering to are excerpts from the Aeronautical info Manual (AIM). They carry out a basic understanding the what varieties of pilot briefings are obtainable and what to tell the briefer when requesting one.

You are watching: You must determine who you are briefing and what is expected of you as the briefer in which step

For flights in ~ Alaska, neglect all recommendations to En Route trip Advisory business (EFAS), likewise know as flight Watch. This company is not provided in Alaska.

5-1-1. Preflight Preparation

f. When requesting a preflight briefing, determine yourself as a pilot and administer the following:

1. Type of flight planned; e.g., VFR or IFR.

2. Aircraft"s number or pilot"s name.

3. Plane type.

4. Leave Airport.

5. Route of flight.

6. Destination.

7. Flight altitude(s).

8. ETD and ETE.

g. Prior come conducting a briefing, briefers are required to have actually the background information listed above so the they might tailor the briefing to the needs of the propose flight. The target is to connect a “picture” the meteorological and aeronautical information necessary for the conduct of a safe and also efficient flight. Briefers usage all easily accessible weather and also aeronautical details to summarize data applicable to the proposed flight. They carry out not check out weather reports and forecasts verbatim uneven specifically asked for by the pilot. FSS briefers do not provide FDC NOTAM info for distinct instrument approach procedures unless especially asked. Pilots authorized by the to use unique instrument approach procedures should specifically inquiry FDC NOTAM details for these procedures. Pilots who receive the information electronically will receive NOTAMs for distinct IAPs automatically.

Reference-AIM, Preflight Briefings, i 7-1-4, has those items of a weather briefing that must be expected or requested.

7-1-4. Preflight Briefing

a. Flight organization Stations (AFSSs/FSSs) are the primary source for obtaining preflight briefings and inflight weather information. Flight business Specialists are qualified and also certificated by the NWS as Pilot Weather Briefers. They are not authorized come make original forecasts, however are authorized come translate and interpret accessible forecasts and reports straight into state describing the weather conditions which you deserve to expect along your trip route and also at your destination. Easily accessible aviation weather reports, forecasts and also aviation weather charts are displayed at every AFSS/FSS, because that pilot use. Pilots have to feel cost-free to usage these me briefing displays where available, or to ask for a briefing or help from the specialist on duty. Three straightforward types that preflight briefings are easily accessible to serve your certain needs. These are: typical Briefing, abbreviation Briefing, and also Outlook Briefing. You have to specify to the briefer the kind of briefing girlfriend want, along with your ideal background information. This will enable the briefer to tailor the info to her intended flight. The complying with paragraphs describe the varieties of briefings obtainable and the information detailed in each briefing.

Reference- AIM, Preflight Preparation, paragraph 5-1-1, for items that space required.

b. Conventional Briefing. You have to request a standard Briefing any time you space planning a flight and also you have not obtained a ahead briefing or have not got preliminary info through mass circulation media; e.g., TIBS, TWEB (Alaska only), etc. Worldwide data may be inaccurate or incomplete. If you room planning a flight outside of U.S. Regulated airspace, the briefer will certainly advise you to check data as shortly as practical after entering international airspace, uneven you recommend that you have actually the global cautionary advisory. The briefer will automatically administer the complying with information in the succession listed, except as noted, when it is applicable to her proposed flight.

1. Adverse Conditions. far-reaching meteorological and/or aeronautical info that could influence the pilot to alter or release the proposed flight; for example, hazardous weather conditions, airplane closures, air web traffic delays, etc. Pilots need to be particularly alert for current or estimate weather that can reduce trip minimums listed below VFR or IFR conditions. Pilots should likewise be alert for any reported or projection icing if the plane is no certified for operation in icing conditions. Flying into locations of icing or weather below minimums could have disastrous results.

2. VFR trip Not Recommended. When VFR trip is proposed and also sky conditions or visibilities are present or forecast, surface or aloft, that, in the briefer's judgment, would certainly make trip under VFR doubtful, the briefer will define the conditions, describe the impacted locations, and also use the expression "VFR flight not recommended." This referral is advisory in nature. The last decision as to whether the flight can be carried out safely rests solely with the pilot. Upon receiving a "VFR flight not recommended" statement, the non-IFR rated pilot will need to make a "go or no go" decision. This decision need to be based upon weighing the current and also forecast weather conditions against the pilot's experience and also ratings. The aircraft's equipment, capabilities and also limitations should likewise be considered.

NOTE-Pilots paris into areas of minimal VFR weather might encounter unforecasted lowering conditions that ar the aircraft exterior the pilot's ratings and experience level. This could an outcome in spatial disorientation and/or ns of manage of the aircraft.

3. Synopsis. A short statement describing the type, location and also movement that weather solution and/or wait masses i m sorry might affect the proposed flight.

Note-These first 3 elements of a briefing may be merged in any kind of order when the briefer believes that will aid to more clearly describe conditions.

4. Existing Conditions. Reported weather conditions applicable come the flight will be summarized from all accessible sources; e.g., METARs/ SPECIs, PIREPs, RAREPs. This aspect will be omitted if the suggest time of departure is beyond 2 hours, uneven the details is specifically asked for by the pilot.

5. En path Forecast. Forecast en route problems for the proposed route are summarized in reasonable order; i.e., departure/climbout, en route, and descent. (Heights space MSL, unless the contractions "AGL" or "CIG" room denoted indicating the heights are above ground.)

6. Destination Forecast. The location forecast for the to plan ETA. Any far-reaching changes within 1 hour before and also after the to plan arrival space included.

7. Winds Aloft. Forecast winds aloft will certainly be provided using levels of the compass. The briefer will interpolate wind directions and also speeds between levels and also stations as important to administer expected problems at plan altitudes. (Heights are MSL.) Temperature info will be detailed on request.

8. Notices to Airmen (NOTAMs).

(a) Available NOTAM (D) information pertinent come the suggest flight, including special usage airspace (SUA) NOTAMs for minimal areas, aerial refueling, and also night vision goggles (NVG).

NOTE- other SUA NOTAMs (D), together as military operations area (MOA), army training path (MTR), and also warning area NOTAMs, are considered "upon request" briefing item as indicated in paragraph 7-1-4b10(a).

(b) Prohibited areas P-40, P-49, P-56, and the special flight rules area (SFRA) because that Washington, DC.

(c) FSS briefers do not carry out FDC NOTAM details for one-of-a-kind instrument method procedures unless specifically asked. Pilots authorized by to use one-of-a-kind instrument technique procedures need to specifically request FDC NOTAM information for these procedures.

Note-NOTAM information may be combined with current conditions when the briefer believes it is logical to execute so.

Note-NOTAM (D) information and also FDC NOTAMs which have been released in the Notices to Airmen Publication room not contained in pilot briefings uneven a review of this publishing is specifically requested by the pilot. For complete flight info you room urged to review the published NOTAMs in the Notices come Airmen Publication and also the A/FD in enhancement to obtaining a briefing.

9. ATC Delays. any type of known ATC delays and flow control advisories i beg your pardon might affect the suggest flight.

10. Pilots may obtain the following from flight business station briefers upon request:

(a) Information ~ above SUA and SUA-related airspace, except those provided in paragraph 7-1-4b8.

NOTE-1. For the objective of this paragraph, SUA and also related airspace has the following species of airspace: alarm area, armed forces operations area (MOA), warning area, and also air traffic regulate assigned airspace (ATCAA). MTR data includes the following varieties of airspace: IFR training courses (IR), VFR training courses (VR), and also slow training courses (SR).

2. Pilots are encouraged to inquiry updated information from ATC framework while in flight.

(b) A testimonial of the Notices come Airmen publishing for pertinent NOTAMs and also Special Notices.

(c) Approximate density altitude data.

(d) Information about such items together air web traffic services and rules, customs/immigration procedures, ADIZ rules, search and rescue, etc.

(e) LORAN-C NOTAMs, available military NOTAMs, and runway friction measurement value NOTAMs.

(f) GPS RAIM availability for 1 hour before to 1 hour after ETA or a time mentioned by the pilot.

(g) Other assistance as required.

c. Abbreviated Briefing. Request an abbreviation Briefing as soon as you need details to supplement mass disseminated data, upgrade a vault briefing, or when you require only one or two particular items. Provide the briefer with ideal background information, the moment you received the vault information, and/or the details items needed. Girlfriend should show the resource of the information already received so the the briefer can limit the briefing to the info that you have actually not received, and/or appreciable alters in meteorological/aeronautical conditions due to the fact that your ahead briefing. To the level possible, the briefer will administer the information in the sequence displayed for a conventional Briefing. If you request only one or two details items, the briefer will certainly advise you if adverse problems are present or forecast. (Adverse problems contain both meteorological and/or aeronautical information.) Details ~ above these problems will be provided at your request. Worldwide data may be inaccurate or incomplete. If you room planning a flight exterior of U.S. Regulated airspace, the briefer will certainly advise girlfriend to examine data as quickly as valuable after entering international airspace, uneven you advise that you have actually the worldwide cautionary advisory.

d. Outlook Briefing. You should request one Outlook Briefing whenever your proposed time of departure is six or much more hours from the time of the briefing. The briefer will certainly provide easily accessible forecast data applicable come the proposed flight. This form of briefing is detailed for planning objectives only. Friend should achieve a traditional or abbreviation Briefing former to exit in bespeak to achieve such items together adverse conditions, present conditions, to update forecasts, winds aloft and NOTAMs, etc.

e. When submit a flight plan only, you will be request if you require the latest info on adverse problems pertinent come the course of flight.

f. Inflight Briefing. You are motivated to acquire your preflight briefing through telephone or in person prior to departure. In those situations where you need to obtain a preflight briefing or an update to a vault briefing by radio, girlfriend should call the nearest AFSS/FSS to acquire this information. After interactions have to be established, advise the specialist of the type briefing you require and provide appropriate elevator information. You will certainly be noted information as stated in the above paragraphs, depending upon the kind of briefing requested. In addition, the specialist will certainly recommend changing to the flight Watch frequency when conditions along the plan route indicate that it would certainly be valuable to perform so. Remember that weather problems can readjust rapidly and also that a "go or no go" decision, as pointed out in paragraph 7-1-4b2, need to be assessed at every phases that flight.

g. Following any briefing, feel complimentary to asking for any type of information the you or the briefer may have actually missed or space not understood. This way, the briefer is maybe to present the info in a logical sequence, and also lessens the opportunity of necessary items gift overlooked.

7-1-8. Telephone information Briefing company (TIBS)

a. TIBS, noted by automatic flight organization stations (AFSSs) is a continuous recording of meteorological and also aeronautical information, easily accessible by telephone. Every AFSS provides at least four route and/or area briefings. In addition, airspace procedures and also special announcements (if applicable) concerning aviation interests may also be available. Depending on user demand, various other items might be provided; i.e., METAR observations, terminal aerodrome forecasts, wind/temperatures aloft forecasts, etc.

b. TIBS is no intended come substitute because that specialist-provided preflight briefings. That is, however, encourage for use as a preliminary briefing, and also often will be an useful in help you to make a “go or no go” decision.

c. TIBS is detailed by automatic Flight company Stations (AFSSs) and provides consistent telephone recordings of meteorological and/or aeronautical information. Special, TIBS offers area and/or course briefings, airspace procedures, and special announcements (if applicable) concerning aviation interests.

d. Depending ~ above user demand, other items might be provided; i.e., surface observations, terminal forecasts, winds/temperatures aloft forecasts, etc. A touch-tone™ phone call is essential to totally utilize the TIBS program.

e. Pilots are encouraged to avail themselves of this service. TIBS locations are found at AFSS sites and also can it is in accessed by use of 1-800-WX quick toll complimentary number.

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7-1-9. Transcribed Weather transfer (TWEB) (Alaska Only)

Equipment is detailed in Alaska by which meteorological and also aeronautical data are taped on tapes and also broadcast consistently over selected L/MF and also VOR facilities. Broadcasts are made indigenous a collection of separation, personal, instance tape recordings, and changes, together they occur, room transcribed ~ above the tapes. The information provided varies depending on the kind equipment available. Generally, the broadcast includes a an overview of adverse conditions, surface ar weather observations, pilot weather reports, and a thickness altitude statement (if applicable). At the discretion that the transfer facility, recordings may also include a synopsis, winds aloft forecast, en route and also terminal forecast data, and radar reports. In ~ selected locations, telephone access to the TWEB has been provided (TEL-TWEB). Telephone numbers because that this business are found in the complement Alaska A/FD. This broadcasts space made obtainable primarily because that preflight and also inflight planning, and also as such, need to not be taken into consideration as a substitute for specialist-provided preflight briefings.